Encyclopedia of Ionic Liquids

Living Edition
| Editors: Suojiang Zhang

Biological Activity of Ionic Liquids Involving Ionic and Covalent Binding: Tunable Drug Development Platform

  • Ksenia S. Egorova
  • Valentine P. AnanikovEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6739-6_1-1

Synonyms

Definition

Ionic liquids (ILs), or molten salts, are nonvolatile and nonflammable organic substances, which consist of asymmetric cations (imidazolium, pyridinium, piperidinium, pyrrolidinium, quaternary ammonium, quaternary phosphonium, etc.) and weakly coordinating anions (halides, tetrafluoroborate, hexafluorophosphate, bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide, acetate, etc.) and have low melting points. Due to the self-assembly of their ions, ILs demonstrate nano- and microheterogeneous structural ordering. Such unique structural peculiarities presumably govern specific solvent properties of ILs, which find application in numerous scientific fields, from catalysis and synthesis to electrochemistry and biochemistry. The vast number of possible combinations of cations and anions suggests the possibility of targeted “tuning” of IL properties [1, 2, 3].

Introduction: Biological Activity of Ionic...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Zhonghao Li
    • 1
  • Maya Guncheva
  1. 1.Section 12 Emerging Applications of Ionic Liquids (Pharmacology, Food Science, Agriculture, Nuclear Science Technology, Optics)Shandong UniversityJinanChina