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Agricultural genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have generated substantial controversy in Europe since their introduction and commercialization in 1998. On the one hand, GMOs have been promoted as “high-yield sustainable agriculture” and as a tool for increasing the competitiveness of European agricultural systems (European Commission 2002). On the other hand, opponents have challenged the potential benefits and raised questions about their purposes, exposing competing narratives of development and diverging visions for the future of agriculture (Levidow and Boschert 2008). Critics have also highlighted the failure to account for the significance of scientific uncertainties, paradigms, and values in the development of this technology (McAfee 2003), the loss of freedom of choice for non-GM producers and consumers (Altieri 2005; Binimelis 2008...
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