Animal Welfare in the Context of Animal Production
- 35 Downloads
Traditionally, the term “animal welfare” has been used to refer broadly to the “quality of life” of animals especially when people raise concerns about how animals are treated. This entry attempts to clarify some of the confusion that has arisen around the term, partly because different people view the quality of life of animals through different value-based lenses.
Three Broad Concerns
In the 1700s and 1800s, concern about the treatment of animals was generally expressed in terms of “cruelty,” and the main focus was on deliberate acts of animal abuse or neglect. With the growing intensification of animal production since 1950, concern was often expressed about unintended effects of confinement production systems on the quality of life of animals, and these were generally captured under the broader term “animal welfare” (Woods 2012).
The term “animal welfare” has been used, especially in social...
- Appleby, M. C., & Sandøe, P. (2002). Philosophical debate on the nature of well-being: Implications for animal welfare. Animal Welfare, 11, 283–294.Google Scholar
- Dawkins, M. S. (1990). From an animal’s point of view: Motivation, fitness, and animal welfare. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 13, 1–9, 54–61.Google Scholar
- Duncan, I. J. H. (1996). Animal welfare defined in terms of feelings. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section A: Animal Science, Supplement, 27, 29–35.Google Scholar
- Fraser, D. (2008). Understanding animal welfare: The science in its cultural context (p. 324). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Fraser, D., Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., & Milligan, B. N. (1997). A scientific conception of animal welfare that reflects ethical concerns. Animal Welfare, 6, 187–205.Google Scholar
- Hemsworth, P. H., & Coleman, G. J. (2011). Human–livestock interactions: The stockperson and the productivity and welfare of farmed animals (2nd ed.). Wallingford: CAB International.Google Scholar
- Nordenfelt, L. (2006). Animal and human health and welfare: A comparative philosophical analysis. Wallingford: CAB International.Google Scholar
- OIE. (2012). Guiding principles for animal welfare. Article 7.1.2. In Terrestrial animal health code (21st ed.). Paris: World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).Google Scholar