Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

2019 Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Agricultural Science and Ethics

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1179-9_257



Humans live in constant interaction with nature. That is part and parcel of being a biological creature on this planet. On one hand, humans exploit the available resources to survive, and at the same time, humans are deeply dependent on the continued capacity of nature to sustain their lives and the lives of their children and future generations. But something has changed over the past 50 years: Never before in human history have so many animal and plant species been made extinct so fast – and 10–30% of mammal, bird, and amphibian species are currently threatened with extinction; freshwater ecosystems are particularly at risk. Never before has humankind been so destructive and exploitative in relation to ecosystems and vital resources as now. Just as an example, in the last decades of the twentieth century, about 20% of the world’s coral reefs and 35% of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium...

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Food and Resource EconomicsDepartment Food and Resource Economics, University of CopenhagenFrederiksberg CDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Animal Science – Epidemiology and ManagementAarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark