Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

2019 Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Agricultural Cooperatives

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1179-9_203



Cooperatives are formal social movements utilized around the globe often in reaction to various social-economic injustices and/or market failures. Their formation in the USA has been influenced by a legacy inherited from farmers and agricultural cooperatives developed first in Germany, Switzerland, Denmark, Ireland, and Iceland and from labor and consumer cooperatives in the UK, France, Sweden, Finland, Norway, and Italy. Historically disadvantaged farmers and/or workers have spearheaded their development both in Europe and the USA. They have also been used in a formal development context throughout the developing world, often driven with a similar impetus to address social justice issues, though with mixed results. This entry focuses on agricultural cooperatives in the USA only, though the tensions specified here highlight the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA, Rural Development–Cooperative ProgramsWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.University of SaskatchewanWashingtonUSA