Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

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al-Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn Yaḥyā al-Maqtūl

  • Cécile BonmariageEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_476-2

Abstract

Shihāb al-Dīn al-Suhrawardī (d. Aleppo, c. 1191) is a mystical philosopher who founded a new tradition in Islamic thought, that of Ishrāq (“Illuminationism”). This term applies first to a new method: Suhrawardī introduces illumination or knowledge by presence as the foundation of a sounder way to apprehend the universe and ourselves. Ishrāq is also a new understanding of what is, conceived of as the participation of all that is in one fundamental reality, Light. Suhrawardī’s thought had lasting influence on later Islamic speculative tradition, especially in the East, as an alternative trend to the “Peripatetic” tradition represented by thinkers such as Avicenna.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fonds de la Recherche scientifiqueBruxellesBelgium