Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Adhikāra

  • Alberto PelisseroEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_96-1

Definition

“Competence” or “jurisdiction” or even “authority” to accomplish a certain ritual act, to study a specific subject matter, to exercise a particular activity, to enjoy the fruits of moral acts.

Adhikāra

The Sanskrit term adhikāra derives from the root kṛ “to make” with the preverb adhi “over, above, concerning.” The general meaning of the root modified by the preverb is “to superintend, be at the head of,” “to be entitled to.” Terms connected with adhikāra from the semantic point of view are adhikaraṇa (originally and from the grammatical point of view, “location,” subsequently and from the juridical point of view, “court of justice”), meaning a topic in a treatise; adhikārin “possessing competence or authority, entitled to, fit for,” and in the juridical acceptation “superintendent.” The term adhikārahas different fields of use: in the ritual sphere it indicates the competence to accomplish a certain ritual or sacrificial act; in the domain of law it denotes the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Verpoorten J-M (1987) Mīmāṃsā literature. In: Gonda J (ed) A history of indian literature, vol VI, fasc. 5. O. Harrassowitz, WiesbadenGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smith FM (1987) The vedic sacrifice in transition. A translation and study of the Trikāṇḍamaṇḍana of Bhāskara Miśra. BORI, Poona, pp 59–63Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Potter KH (2008) Encyclopedia of Indian philosophies, volume XVI. Philosophy of Pūrva-Mīmāṃsā. Motilal Banarsidass, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Davis DR (2004) The boundaries of Hindu law. Tradition, custom and politics in medieval Kerala. Corpus Iuris Sanscriticum, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Derrett JDM (1977) Essays in classical and modern Hindu law, vol 4. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Derrett JDM, Doniger W (eds) (1977) The concept of duty in South Asia. Vikas Publishing House, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sarasvati K (1992) Mīmāṃsākośa. Sri Satguru Publications, Delhi. (Ist ed. Wai 1952): Part I, 282-315Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Perry BM (1997) Early Nyāya and Hindū orthodoxy: ānvīkṣikī and adhikāra. In: Franco E, Preisendanz K (eds) Beyond orientalism. The work of Wilhelm Halbfass and its impact on Indian and cross-cultural studies. Rodopi, Amsterdam, pp 449–470Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bilimoria P (1993) Is “adhikāra” good enough for “rights”? Asian Philos 3(1):3–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Clooney FX (1988) “Devatādhikaraṇa”: a theological debate in the Mīmāṃsā- Vedānta tradition. J Indian Philos 16:277–298CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Clooney FX (1990) Thinking ritually. Rediscovering the Pūrva Mīmāṃsā of Jaimini. Publications of the De Nobili Research Library, WienGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Clooney FX (1993) Theology after Vedānta. An experiment in comparative theology. SUNY Press, Albany, pp 134–141Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Halbfass W (1991) Tradition and reflection. Explorations in Indian thought. SUNY Press, Albany, pp 66–74Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lariviere RW (1988) Adhikāra: right and responsibility. In: Jazayeri MA, Winter W (eds) Languages and cultures: studies in honor of E.C. Polomé. Mouton, Amsterdam, pp 359–364Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jhalakikar MB (1996) Nyāyakośa, or dictionary of technical terms of Indian philosophy. BORI, Poona, pp 14–15Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lubin T (2010) Adhikāra. In: Jacobsen KA et al (eds) Brill's encyclopedia of Hinduism, vol II. Brill, Leiden, pp 671–674Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Slaje W (ed) (2008) Śāstrārambha, inquiries into the preamble in Sanskrit. O. Harrassowitz, WiesbadenGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Austin JL (1975) How to do things with words. Oxford University Press, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bhate S (1987) The meaning-adhikāras in the Taddhita section of the Aṣṭādhyāyī: an analysis. Indo-Iran J 30(2):81–92Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Grimes J (1996) A concise dictionary of Indian philosophy. Sanskrit terms defined in English. SUNY Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Studi umanistici StudiUmUniversità degli studi di TorinoTorinoItaly