Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Meykaṇṭār (Meykaṇḍār)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_643-1

Synonyms

Definition

Meykaṇṭār was a teacher of Śaiva Siddhānta doctrine who composed the Tamil-language text called the Civañāṉapōtam (lit., “Aphorisms on Knowledge of Śiva”) (sometimes Sanskritized as the Śivajñānabodham). In 12 pithy statements, the work summarizes the basic doctrine of Śaiva Siddhānta. The work has been of enduring importance in Tamil Nadu and has attracted several commentaries.

Life

According to legend, Acciyutaṉ, a chieftain from a village near Tiruveṅkāṭu in the Tanjore area, prayed to Śiva for a child. One day he found an infant near a temple tank and adopted him as a gift from God. He named the child Cuvētavaṉa-perumāl after the name of Śiva as the Lord of Cuvētavaṉam (transliteration of the Sanskrit Śvetavana; Tiruveṅkāṭu in Tamil). Impacted by rumors that the child was low-caste, Acciyutaṉ handed him over to the care of his brother-in-law who lived in Tiruveṇṇainallūr. The boy soon attracted the attention of a sage called...

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References

  1. 1.
    Nallaswami Pillai JM (trans) (1913) Śivajñānasiddhiyār of Aruṇandi Śivāchārya. Meykandan Press, MadrasGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Siddalingaiah TB (1979) Origins and development of Saiva Siddhanta up to the 14th century. Madurai Kamaraj University, MaduraiGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zvelebil KV (1975) Tamil literature. EJ Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Swamy BGL (1975) The Gōḷaki school of Śaivism in the Tamil country. J Indian Hist 53(2):167–201Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Irattiṉacapāpati V (ed) (1988) Meykaṇṭa Cāttiraṅkaḷ. Madras University, ChennaiGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Prentiss KP (1996) A Tamil lineage for Śaiva Siddhānta philosophy. Hist Relig 35(3):231–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ganesan T (ed and trans) (2003) Śivajñānabodha with the Laghuṭīkā of Śivāgrayogī. Śrī Aghoraśivācārya Trust, ChennaiGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Religious Studies DepartmentUniversity of DenverDenverUSA