Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Dvārakā

  • Arpita Mitra
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_616-1

Synonyms

Definition

Dvārakā is an ancient city mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Harivaṃśa and many Purāṇas, as the new capital built under the leadership of Śrī Kṛṣṇa after the Yādavas migrated from Mathurā. According to the Mahābhārata, this was a beautiful and strongly fortified city, which was eventually submerged in the sea after the death of Kṛṣṇa. In modern times, there have been many attempts at identifying the location of this now extinct city, without, however, leading to any agreement among scholars.

Introduction

According to the Mahābhārata and its supplement or appendix, the Harivaṃśa, Dvārakā, or Dvāravatī was the new capital built under the leadership of Kṛṣṇa when the Yādavas left Mathurā and migrated westward. The decision to abandon Mathurā was taken because of the repeated attacks of Jarāsandha, the king of Magadha, who was enraged at the death of his son-in-law Kaṁsa at the hands of Kṛṣṇa. Thereafter, the new capital of Dvārakā was built. The Mahābhārata...

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References

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    Pusalker AD (1945) Dvārakā. In: Bhandarkar DR et al (eds) B C law volume, part I. The Indian Research Institute, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
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    Rao SR (1999) The lost city of Dvārakā. Aditya Prakashan, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
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    Pargiter FE (trans) (1904) The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa. Asiatic Society, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
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    Gaur AS, Sundaresh VKH (2008) Underwater archaeology of Dwarka and Somnath. Aryan Books & National Institute of Oceanography, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
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    Iyengar RN, Radhakrishna BP (2005) Evolution of the western coastline of India and the probable location of Dwārakā of Kṛṣṇa: geological perspectives. J Geol Soc India 66:285–292Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Advanced StudyShimlaIndia