Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna


  • Arpita Mitra
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_616-1



Dvārakā is an ancient city mentioned in the Mahābhārata, Harivaṃśa and many Purāṇas, as the new capital built under the leadership of Śrī Kṛṣṇa after the Yādavas migrated from Mathurā. According to the Mahābhārata, this was a beautiful and strongly fortified city, which was eventually submerged in the sea after the death of Kṛṣṇa. In modern times, there have been many attempts at identifying the location of this now extinct city, without, however, leading to any agreement among scholars.


According to the Mahābhārata and its supplement or appendix, the Harivaṃśa, Dvārakā, or Dvāravatī was the new capital built under the leadership of Kṛṣṇa when the Yādavas left Mathurā and migrated westward. The decision to abandon Mathurā was taken because of the repeated attacks of Jarāsandha, the king of Magadha, who was enraged at the death of his son-in-law Kaṁsa at the hands of Kṛṣṇa. Thereafter, the new capital of Dvārakā was built. The Mahābhārata...

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Advanced StudyShimlaIndia