Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Anandamarga (Ānandamārga)

  • Narasingha Sil
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_564-1

Introduction: PR Sarkar aka Ānandamūrti

The Ānanda Mārga Pracāraka Saṁgha, henceforth referred to as Mārga (the Organization to Propagate the Path of Bliss), was founded by Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar alias Śrī Śrī Ānandamūrti [the Twice-Blessed Bliss Personified] (1921–1990) on 7 November 1955 at Jamalpur in the east Indian state of Bihar. The Ānanda Mārga movement may be an echo of the nineteenth-century messianic movements of the primitive tribes such as the Mundas, Santals of northeastern Madhya Pradesh, the Oraons and the Gonds of eastern Madhya Pradesh, and the Lusheis and the Kacha Nagas of Assam and the northeast frontier provinces (see [1], pp. 11–62).

More importantly, the tradition of Hindu revivalism of the late nineteenth century provided a direct inspiration and template for Sarkar’s sect. The Hindu revivalists had attempted “to blend religious with socio-economic values to foster a revived sense of community and ultimately to espouse nationalism.” The revivalists insisted on...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryWestern Oregon UniversityMonmouthUSA