Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Swaminarayan

  • Iva Patel
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_541-1

Synonyms

Definition

Swaminarayan (Svāminārāyāṇa) is the nineteenth-century founder of the Swaminarayan Sampradaya (sampradāya, lineage-centered tradition), which is centered on personal and congregational bhakti (devotional engagement) toward a personal god. Swaminarayan introduced a theology and devotional praxis, grounded in the canonical Vedantic and Vaishnava texts, which distinguished the tradition from other Hindu groups. He communicated his doctrines in Gujarati, using examples from the everyday experiences of his followers, and reinforced them through literature, rituals, festivals, and temples. Swaminarayan’s teachings were transcribed by his senior disciples, verified by him, and soon after his death, compiled into a text called the Vachanamrut (Vacanāmrut, Nectar of Words), which remains the tradition’s principal scripture.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Religious StudiesUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA