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Sāma Veda

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Indian Religions book series (EIR)

Synonyms

Turīyaveda

Definition

Sāma Veda (1200–1000 B.C.) is a Sanskrit text of ancient Hindu origin, and the fourth part of Veda contains the melodious chants of sacred verses and composed by the ancient Indian sages.

Introduction

The vast Vedic literature consists of two parts – in the first part are included the four Vedic Saṅhitās and in the second mainly the Brāhmana, Āraṇyaka, and Upaniṣada. It is well known that Ṛgveda, Sāma Veda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda count among the most sacred texts of the Hindus. The word Veda owes its origin to the Sanskrit word Vid which means “to know” ([1], p. 3) and is used in the context of divine knowledge revealed to the ancient Indian Sages or Ṛṣis.

After the Ṛgveda, the most important of the Vedas comes the Sāma Veda. The word Sāma Veda is derived from the word Sāman meaning “song” and “Veda” meaning “knowledge” ([2], p. 1015), and Sāma Veda thus represents the Veda of melodious chants of sacred verses. Regarded as part of Hindu scriptures, Sām...

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Correspondence to Anupam Jash .

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Jash, A. (2018). Sāma Veda . In: Jain, P., Sherma, R., Khanna, M. (eds) Hinduism and Tribal Religions. Encyclopedia of Indian Religions. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_523-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_523-1

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  • Print ISBN: 978-94-024-1036-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-024-1036-5

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