Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna


  • Anupam Jash
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_488-1



Gaṅgeśa Upādhyāya was the famous founder of Navya-Nyāya system of Indian philosophy belonging most probably to the late thirteenth century.


Gaṅgeśa Upādhyāya was a famous Indian philosopher belonging most probably to the late thirteenth century from the kingdom of Mithila, now in Bihar. He was the founder of the Navya-Nyāya system of Indian philosophy. It developed out of the old school of Nyāya as its basis, but it was distinct from the old system mainly by virtue of the fact that it devised a highly technical language for the discussion of philosophical problems.

Technical Language of Gaṅgeśa

The technical language that Navya-Nyāya or Gaṅgeśa devised found its way into the other systems of Indian philosophy which began using this language to discuss philosophical problems. The technical language of Navya-Nyāyaused by Gaṅgeśa and others differs from ordinary Sanskrit just as the technical language of (modern) Western...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyBankura Christian CollegeBankuraIndia