Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Nālāyirativiyappirapantam (Nālāyiradivyaprabandham)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_463-1

Synonyms

Definition

Literally meaning “The four thousand divine compositions,” this corpus is an anthology of poetic works of Tamil Vaiṣṇava saint-poets (sixth-tenth c.) known as the Āḻvārs, which later became the canonical text of the Śrīvaiṣṇavas.

Introduction

The Nālāyirativiyappirapantam (NTP) [1] is composed of the poetry written by twelve Āḻvārs (literally, “those who are immersed [in bhakti]” or aḷvārs, “those who rule”). The different works were gathered, classified, named, and canonized probably around the tenth c. The NTP is the product of many literary and religious influences and has had an important impact on the people and culture of South India to this date.

The Contents and Classification of the NTP

The northern ( vaṭakalai) and the southern ( teṉkalai) schools of Śrīvaiṣṇavism arrange the works in a slightly different pattern, which is not of much importance here. It is worth noting that the second and fourth “thousands” of...
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References

  1. 1.
    Srivatsan (ed) (2005) Nālāyirattiviyappirapantam. The Little Flower Company (LIFCO), ChennaiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Narayanan V (1994) The Vernacular Veda: revelation, recitation, and ritual. The University of South Carolina Press, ColumbiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Piṉpaḷakiya PerumĀḷ Jīyar (1975 [1927]). In: Kiruṣṇasvāmi Aiyaṅkār (ed) Āṟāyirappaṭi Guruparamparāprabhāvam. Cē. Kiruṣṇamācāriar patippu, TriplicaneGoogle Scholar
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    Hardy F (2001 [1983]) Viraha-Bhakti: the early history of Kṛṣṇa devotion in South India. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
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    Carman J, Narayanan V (1989) The Tamil Veda: Piḷḷāṉ’s interpretation of the Tiruvāymoḻi. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
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    Narayanan V (1987) The way and the goal: expressions of devotion in the early Śrī Vaiṣṇava community. Institute for Vaishnava Studies/Center for the Study of World Religions (Harvard University), Washington/Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NETamil/École française d’Extrême-OrientPondicherryIndia