Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Nālāyirativiyappirapantam (Nālāyiradivyaprabandham)

  • Suganya Anandakichenin
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_463-1



Literally meaning “The four thousand divine compositions,” this corpus is an anthology of poetic works of Tamil Vaiṣṇava saint-poets (sixth-tenth c.) known as the Āḻvārs, which later became the canonical text of the Śrīvaiṣṇavas.


The Nālāyirativiyappirapantam (NTP) [1] is composed of the poetry written by twelve Āḻvārs (literally, “those who are immersed [in bhakti]” or aḷvārs, “those who rule”). The different works were gathered, classified, named, and canonized probably around the tenth c. The NTP is the product of many literary and religious influences and has had an important impact on the people and culture of South India to this date.

The Contents and Classification of the NTP

The northern ( vaṭakalai) and the southern ( teṉkalai) schools of Śrīvaiṣṇavism arrange the works in a slightly different pattern, which is not of much importance here. It is worth noting that the second and fourth “thousands” of...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NETamil/École française d’Extrême-OrientPondicherryIndia