Skip to main content

Śākta Āgamas

  • 96 Accesses

Part of the Encyclopedia of Indian Religions book series (EIR)




Śākta Āgamas are the scriptures which look upon the supreme divine being as the Mother of the universe and include its theoretical structure and a practical manual of divine worship of the Śākta religion.


The Āgamas consist of treatises concerning a particular religion or one of its sect and practical manuals of divine worship prescribed for that religion or sect ([1], p. 13). There are some treatises called Tantras, Mantras, and Yantras, which explain the external worship of the divine being, symbolized by idols, images, etc., and these treatises form a part of the Āgamas. All the Āgamas deal with Jñāna (knowledge), Yoga (meditation or concentration), Kriyā (action or esoteric ritual), and Caryā(conduct or exoteric worship) as well as discussing in details about ontology, cosmology, liberation, devotion, meditation, philosophy of Mantras, mystic diagrams, temple-building, image-making, domestic observances, social rules, public...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Jones CA, Ryan JD (2007) Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Infobase Publishing, New York

    Google Scholar 

  2. Woodroffe J (2009) Shakti and Shâkta. Celephais Press, London

    Google Scholar 

  3. Ghosh AB (1956) The spirit and culture of the tantras. In: Bhattacharyya H (ed) The cultural heritage of India. Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture, Calcutta

    Google Scholar 

  4. Alf H et al (2000) Is the goddess a feminist? The politics of South Asian goddesses. Sheffield Academic Press, Sheffield

    Google Scholar 

  5. Gosta L (1986) Iconographic dictionary of the Indian religions. Sai Satguru Publications, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  6. Sullivan Bruce M (2014) The a to z of Hinduism. Vision Books, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  7. Narendranath B (1996) History of the Sakta religion. Munshiram Manoharlal, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  8. Ayengar S (1909) Outlines of Indian philosophy. The theosophical publishing society, Adyar

    Google Scholar 

  9. Goudriaan T, Gupta S (1981) Hindu Tantrik and Shakta literature. In: Gona J (ed) A history of Indian literature. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden

    Google Scholar 

  10. Farquhar JN (1984) An outline of the religious literature of India. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  11. Klostermaier K (2007) A survey of Hinduism. State University of New York Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  12. Dasgupta SN (1991) A history of Indian philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  13. Goudriaan T (1981) Hindu tantric and Śākta literature. Otto Harrassowitz, Verlag

    Google Scholar 

  14. Winternitz M (1981) A history of Indian literature. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  15. Sullivan BM (2014) The a to z of Hinduism. Vision Books, Delhi

    Google Scholar 

  16. Dalal Rosen (2014) Hinduism Penguin Books, New Delhi

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Anupam Jash .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

About this entry

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this entry

Jash, A. (2018). Śākta Āgamas . In: Jain, P., Sherma, R., Khanna, M. (eds) Hinduism and Tribal Religions. Encyclopedia of Indian Religions. Springer, Dordrecht.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Dordrecht

  • Print ISBN: 978-94-024-1036-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-94-024-1036-5

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Religion and PhilosophyReference Module Humanities and Social Sciences