Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Nationalism (Hinduism)

  • Radhika Kumar
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_241-1

Definition

Hindu nationalism is an ideology that is based on “Hindutva” or the Hindu way of life that draws from ancient traditions of Indian philosophy as well as historical and concurrent religious narratives and images. Having emerged during the colonial rule in India, it is strongly entrenched in contemporary political discourse both organizationally and electorally.

Narratives of Nationalism

Nationalism simply understood is an ideology of the nation. It is a systematic set of ideas which seeks to foreground a particular identity of the individual/community seeking a fit between state, nation, and nationalism. However as the three are not always congruent, it leads to the possibility of what Smith [1] calls “recurrent nationalisms.” Further, nationalism is not always associated with an “actual” existing nation but may promote the possibility of a “potential” nation. Clearly then, the narrative of nationalism plays a critical role in determining the way national and political...

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References

  1. 1.
    Smith AD (2000) Theories of nationalism: alternative models of nation formation. In: Liefer M (ed) Asian nationalism. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
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    Zavos J (2000) The emergence of Hindu nationalism in India. Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
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    Bhatt C (2001) Hindu nationalism: origins, ideologies and modern myths. Berg, Oxford/New YorkGoogle Scholar
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    Satyamurthy TV (1997) Indian nationalism: state of the debate. Econ Polit Wkly 32(14):715–721Google Scholar
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    Kumar R (2017) Padayatras and the changing nature of political communication in India. Studies in Indian Politics 5(1):32–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hansen (1999) The saffron wave, democracy and hindu nationalism in modern India. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New JerseyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Radhika Kumar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceMotilal Nehru College, University of DelhiNew DelhiIndia