Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna


  • Amitabh Vikram Dwivedi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_175-1


Many Hindu texts, such as Mahabharata, Ramayana, Manusmriti, Brahman, and Atharva Veda, describe the term Daiva with reference to something that belongs to God or coming down to us from celestial, divine, or gods [2]. Also, the term is used for sacredness and royal. In Atharva Veda, the concept of Daiva has been praised in a hymn: Dev maha osi “God is verily great.” In Kavya literature, Daiva also means destined path or outcome or some fatal event. Adi Guru Shankaracharya mentions it as knowledge of portents. According to Bhagavad Gita, Daiva has many virtues: tejah “influence,” abhayam “fearlessness,” hrih “modesty,” kshama “forgiveness,” adrohah “faithfulness,” saucam “cleanliness,” ahimsa “nonviolence,” satyam “truthfulness,” dhritih “determination,” acapalam “reliability,” tapah “austerity,” vyavasthisth “cooperation,” mardavam “gentleness,” dana “charity,” aloluptvam “generosity,” santih “peacefulness,” dama “self-control,” yajna “sacrifice,” tyagah “renunciation,” day...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1.
    Dowson J (2014) A classical dictionary of Hindu mythology and religion: geography, history and literature. D.K. Printworld, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dwivedi AV (2015) Gods in Indian popular jokes. In: God and popular culture: a behind-the-scenes look at the entertainment industry’s most influential figure, vol 2. Praeger, Santa BarbaraGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ganeri A (2009) Hindu. Franklin Watts, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gibson L (2003) Hinduism. Raintree Steck-Vaughn Publishers, AustinGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Heiney EB (1940) A Hindu myth. Hathaway Printery, CoatsvilleGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Johnson D, Johnson J (1977) God & gods in Hinduism. Compton Russell, LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Keith AB (2007) The religion and philosophy of the Veda and Upanishads. Motilal Banarsidass, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Klostermaier KK (2007) A survey of Hinduism. State University of New York Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pattanaik D (2008) Myth = Mithya: a handbook of Hindu mythology. Penguin Books India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Radhakrishnan SS (1927) The Hindu view of life. G. Allen & Unwin, LondonGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rasamandala D (2008) Hinduism. Smart Apple Media, North MankatoGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ring DM, Educational Resources Information Center (U.S.) (1990) Hindu mythology: gods, goddesses, and values. U.S. Dept. of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Educational Resources Information Center, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Streissguth T (2002) Hinduism. Lucent Books, San DiegoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities & Social Sciences – Languages & LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia