Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Aitareya Brāhmaṇa

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_13-1

Definition

The Aitareya Brāhmaṇa is one of the two brāhmaṇas of the Rgvedasaṃhitā, the other one being the Kauṣītaki or Śāṅkhāyana Brāhmaṇa. It deals mainly with the soma sacrifice.

Aitareya Brāhmaṇa

The Aitareya Brāhmaṇa is one of the two brāhmaṇas of the Rgvedasaṃhitā, the other one being the Kauṣītaki or Śāṅkhāyana Brāhmaṇa in 30 chapters. The Aitareya Brāhmaṇa is the more important of the two and comprehends 40 chapters called “lessons” (adhyāya); it is divided in 8 books called “pentads” (pañcikā), due to the fact that each of them contains 5 sections (see [1]; edition and translation [2]; edition [3]; translation [4]; for a discussion about Haug’s edition, see [5]; further edition [6]). Ascribed by the commentator Sāyaṇa to a single redactor named Mahīdāsa Aitareya, according to the current opinion, it is a composite work; in particular the last ten adhyāyas (pañcikās7 and 8), dealing with animal sacrifice, expiatory rites, and royal consecration rite, are probably a later...

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References

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    Gonda J (1975) Vedic literature. In: Gonda J (ed) A history of Indian literature, vol I, fasc 1. O. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, pp 344–346Google Scholar
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    Haug M (1863) The Aitareya Brahmanam of the Rigveda. Government Central Book Depot, BombayGoogle Scholar
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    Aufrecht T (1879) Das Aitareya Brāhmaṇa. A. Marcus, BonnGoogle Scholar
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    Keith AB (1920) Rigveda Brahmanas: the Aitareya and Kauṣītaki Brāhmaṇas of the Rigveda (translated from the original Sanskrit). Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
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    Weber A (1865) Ueber Haug’s Aitareya-Brâhmaṇa. F. A Brockhaus, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
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    Sastri RA (1942) Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, with the vṛtti Sukhapradā of Ṣaḍguruśiṣya. University of Travancore, TrivandrumGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Studi umanistici StudiUmUniversità degli studi di TorinoTorinoItaly