Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Abhinavagupta

  • Joseph Milillo
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_1-1

Synonyms

Definition

Abhinavagupta (c.950–1020) was an influential Indian philosopher in the fields of Philosophy, Theology, Dramaturgy, and Aesthetics. His greatest contribution was to what is known today as Kashmir Śaivism.

Life

The little that is known about Abhinavagupta’s life is culled from autobiographical verses in various works, primarily Parātrīśikā-vivaraṇa and Tantrāloka, and also the research of K.C. Pandey. Abhinavagupta was born in a devout Brahmin Śaiva family in or near the town of Pravarapura, now known as Srinagar. His father Narasiṃha was brought from Kannauj (located in today’s Uttar Pradesh) to Kashmir to work for King Lalitaditya (c.750). Abhinavagupta’s mother Vimaia had died while he was just a boy. He had a brother, Manoratha, and a sister, Ambā. While his first teacher was his father, throughout his works Abhinavagupta lists many teachers with whom he studied a wide range of philosophical topics. Since...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Dyczkowski MSG (1987) The doctrine of vibration: an analysis of the doctrines and practices of Kashmir Shaivism, Albany. Varanasi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pandey KC (1935) Abhinavagupta, an historical and philosophical study. Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office; FreemanGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lidke JS (2013) Quintessence of the highest purpose: a translation, introduction and analysis of Śrī Abhinavagupta’s Paramārthasāra. J Indian Res 1(4):1–24. (ISSN: 2321-4155)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bansat-Boudon L, Tripathi KD (2014) An introduction to Tantric philosophy: the Paramârthasâra of Abhinavagupta with the commentary of Yogarâja. London: RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    White DG (2003) Kiss of the Yoginī: “tantric sex” in its South Asian contexts, Chicago: University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lawrence D (1996) Tantric argument: The transfiguration of philosophical discourse in the Pratyabhijñā system of Utpaladeva and Abhinavagupta. Phil East West 46:165–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lawrence DP (1999) Rediscovering god with transcendental argument: a contemporary interpretation of monistic Kashmiri Saiva philosophy. SUNY Press, Albany, NYGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Muller-Ortega PE (2010) Triadic heart of Siva, the: Kaula Tantricism of Abhinavagupta in the non-dual Shaivism of Kashmir. SUNY Press, Albany, NYGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Baumer B (2011) Abhinavagupta’s hermeneutics of the absolute: Anuttaraprakriya. An interpretation of his Paratrisika Vivarana. Indian Institute of Advanced Study/D.K. Printworld, Shimla/New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Beirnacki L (2007) Possession, absorption and the transformation of Samavesa. In: Preisendanz K (ed) Expanding and merging horizons: contributions to South Asian and cross-cultural studies in commemoration of Wilhelm Halbfass. Veroffentlichungen zu den Sprachen und KulturenSudasiens series. Osterreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften/Motilal Banarsidass, Wien/Varanasi, pp 491–505Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Biernacki L (1999) Taboo and orthodoxy: making Tantra respectable in 11th century Kashmir. DissertationGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baumer B (2003) Abhinavgupta’s Anuttarāśṭikā. In: Patil N (ed) The variegated plumage: encounters with Indian philosophy: a commemoration volume in honour of Pandit Jankinath Kaul “Kamal”. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sensharma D (2001) The philosophy of Sadhana. State University of New York Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Radhakrishnan S (trans) (1953) The principal Upaniṣads. Harper, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lawrence DP (2013) The disclosure of Śakti in aesthetics: remarks on the relation of Abhinavagupta’s poetics and nondual Kashmiri Śaivism. Southeast Rev Asian Stud 35:90–102Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pandit L (1996) Dhvani and the “full word”: suggestion and signification from Abhinavagupta to Jacques Lacan. Coll Lit 23(1):142–163Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Haberman DL (2003) The Bhaktirasāmṛtasindhu of Rūpa Gosvāmin, vol 4. Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bäumer B (2008) The Lord of the heart: Abhinavagupta’s aesthetics and Kashmir Śaivism. Relig Art 12(1):214–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gerow E, Aklujkar A (1972) On Śānta Rasa in Sanskrit poetics. J Am Orient Soc:80–87Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ingalls DHH, Masson JM, Patwardhan MV (1990) The Dhvanyāloka of Ānandavardhana with the Locana of Abhinavagupta. Harvard oriental series, vol 49, Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assistant Academic Reference librarianNational Humanities CenterResearch Triangle ParkUSA