Buddhism and Jainism

2017 Edition
| Editors: K. T. S. Sarao, Jeffery D. Long

Bodhisattva

  • C. D. SebastianEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-0852-2_179

Synonyms

Definition

Bodhisattva is an ideal in Mahāyāna Buddhism. Bodhisattva is an aspirant of Buddhahood (buddhatva) who works for the enlightenment of all sentient beings in contrast to that of one’s own emancipation of the Arhat (an ideal in non-Mahāyāna traditions).

Introduction

Bodhisattva (Pāli Bodhisatta) literally means an “enlightened being.” Bodhisattva is an ideal in Mahāyāna (see  Mahāyāna) Buddhism. Bodhisattva is an aspirant of Buddhahood (buddhatva) who works for the enlightenment of all sentient beings in contrast to that of one’s own emancipation of the Arhat (an ideal in non-Mahāyāna traditions). There is also a view presented in some Mahāyāna texts that Bodhisattva is a person who is entitled to enter into final nirvāṇa, but postpones the personal liberation in favor of a compassionate effort to help all sentient beings to attain perfect enlightenment. Motivated by infinite compassion (mahākaruṇā) (see  Karuṇā) and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Śāntideva, Crossby K, Skilton A (tr) (1998) The Bodhicaryāvatāra. Oxford University Press, Oxford, Chapters 1 and 3Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dayal H (1970) The Bodhisattva doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit literature. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, pp 4–29Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Williams P, Tribe A (2000) Buddhist thought: a complete introduction to the Indian tradition. Routledge, London/New York, p 137Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Śāntideva, Crossby K, Skilton A (tr) (1998) The Bodhicaryāvatāra 10: 55. Oxford University Press, Oxford, p 143Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barua D (1946) Buddhakhetta in the Apadāna. In: Bhandarkar DR et al (eds) B. C. Law volume, part 2. The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, Poona, pp 183–190Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boucher D (2008) Bodhisattvas of the forest and the formation of the Mahāyāna. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, pp 20–39Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dayal H (1970) The Bodhisattva doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit literature. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, pp 30–49Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kalupahana D (1976) Buddhist philosophy: a historical analysis. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, pp 125–126Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nattier J (2003) A few good men: the Bodhisattva path according to the inquiry of Ugra (Ugraparipṛcchā). University of Hawaii Press, HonoluluGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mrozik S (2007) Virtuous bodies: the physical dimension of morality in Buddhist ethics. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 4–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Harrison P (1987) Who gets to ride the great vehicle? Self-image and identity among the followers of the early Mahāyāna. J Int Assoc Buddh Stud 10:67–89Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Berkwitz SC (2010) South Asian Buddhism. Routledge, London/New York, pp 81–86Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Williams P, Tribe A (2000) Buddhist thought: a complete introduction to the Indian tradition. Routledge, London/New York, p 138Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Brassard F (2000) The concept of Bodhicitta in Śāntideva’s Bodhicaryāvatāra. State University of New York Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dutt N (1973) Mahāyāna Buddhism. Firma K. L. Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta, pp 92–97Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Das SC, Śāstri SC (ed) (1898) Karunā-puṇḍarīka 114: 30. Buddhist Text Society, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sebastian CD (2006) The four brahmavihāras of Buddhism: the cardinal virtues. Jnanatirtha Int J Sacred Scr VI:25–35Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dayal H (1970) The Bodhisattva doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit literature. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, pp 153–155, 178–181, 225–229Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dutt N (1973) Mahāyāna Buddhism. Firma K. L. Mukhopadhyay, Calcutta, pp 86–140Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Tsong-kha-pa, Wayman A (tr) (1991) Ethics of Tibet: Bodhisattva section of Tsong-kha-pa’s Lam rim chen mo. State University of New York Press, Albany, pp 38–57Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gomez LO (1977) The bodhisattva as wonder worker. In: Lancaster L (ed) Prajñāpāramitā and related systems, Berkeley Buddhist Studies series. University of California, Berkley, pp 221–261Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kalupahana DJ (1976) Buddhist philosophy: a historical analysis. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, p 126Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Sebastian CD (2008) Metaphysics and ethics in Mahayana Buddhism: cogitations on the conception of Tathāgatagarbha. In: Sebastian CD (ed) Recent researches in Buddhist studies. Sri Satguru, Delhi, pp 244–276Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Williams P (2009) Mahāyāna Buddhism: the doctrinal foundations, 2nd edn. Routledge, London/New York, pp 214–218Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Williams P (2009) Mahāyāna Buddhism: the doctrinal foundations, 2nd edn. Routledge, London/New York, pp 58–62Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dayal H (1970) The Bodhisattva doctrine in Buddhist Sanskrit literature. Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, pp 14–18Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Makransky JJ (1997) Buddhahood embodied: sources of controversy in India and Tibet. State University of New York Press, Albany, pp 336–345Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Lethcoe NR (1977) The bodhisattva ideal in the Aṣṭa and Pañca Prajñāpāramitā Sūtras. In: Lancaster L (ed) Prajñāpāramitā and related systems, Berkeley Buddhist Studies series. University of California, Berkley, pp 263–280Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhiru (2007) The making of a savior bodhisattva. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, p 8Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Williams P (2009) Mahāyāna Buddhism: the doctrinal foundations, 2nd edn. Routledge, London/New York, pp 218–231Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Prebish CS, Keown D (2006) Introducing Buddhism. Routledge, New York/London, pp 101–105, 187Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Zhiru (2007) The making of a savior bodhisattva. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, pp 160–162, 230–232Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia