Privatization and Diversity in Higher Education
Brief Definition of Privatization
Privatization in the context of higher education (HE) can be defined as the emergence of private (for profit) higher education institutions (HEIs) – also referred to as the “private (higher education) sector” (“Private Higher Education”) – either worldwide or within national higher education systems. This phenomenon is normally quantified based on the share of total higher education enrollment in private HEIs (Levy 2012).
Besides defining the rise of private higher education, the term privatization in HE sector is also often used to define the necessity for public higher education institutions and systems to earn income in order to pay for (at least part of) their operation and, thereby, decrease their dependence on public funds (Altbach et al. 2009) (“Public Funding”).
Brief Definition of Diversity in Higher Education
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