Excellence Schemes, Higher Education
Definition of Excellence Schemes
In the context of higher education (HE), an excellence scheme or program refers to funding programs launched by national governments in which large amounts of money are directed at several universities in the national HE system with the purpose of raising their level to “excellent.” While most of the funding programs, competitive-based funding projects in teaching and research, and even basic funding can be directed for “excellence” purposes, excellence schemes are distinguished from those by the high selectivity of the institutions involved and the large amounts of funding directed at these institutions.
Emergence of Excellence Schemes
The main motivation for the existence of excellence schemes comes from the greater international competition between Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). At the teaching/student level, the increased mobility of students and the expansion of English as a universal...
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