Students and Higher Education Expansion

  • Manja KlemenčičEmail author
Living reference work entry



Expansion of higher education refers to the increase in student enrollments in absolute numbers and increase in student enrollment rates, increase in share of population participating in higher education, and increase in number of higher education institutions. Increase in student numbers arguably resulted in more diverse student populations, although not necessarily more equitable higher education.


Driven by dramatic rise in student demand, higher education has undergone massive expansion worldwide after the end of the World War II (Schofer and Meyer 2005; Marginson 2016a, b; Cantwell et al. 2018; see Marginson, “Elite, Mass, High Participation”). Expansion of higher education refers to the increase in student enrollments in absolute numbers and increase in student enrollment rates, increase in share of population participating in higher education, and increase in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Manja Klemencic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Sociology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA