Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Latvia
The Higher Education Landscape
Since the reestablishment of Latvia’s independence in 1991, its higher education has undergone major transformations including modernization, internationalization, and joining the European Union in 2004. Latvia has a population of two million and a territory of 64,573 km2. After the establishment of independence in 1918, its main university, the University of Latvia, was established in 1919. It is estimated that after the annexation of Latvia to the Soviet Union in 1940, approximately 60% of scientists fled to the West, creating a considerable knowledge diaspora (Adamsone-Fiskovica et al. 2011).
Since 1990, the higher education sector has expanded from 10 public and 2 private higher education institutions to 17 public and 15 private higher education institutions in 2016. The majority of students study in public higher education institutions, which had 56,788 students in 2016, while private institutions attracted 16,002 students. Additionally, 17 public...
- Adamsone-Fiskovica, Anda, Janis Kristapsons, Erika Tjunina, and Inga Ulnicane-Ozolina. 2011. Latvia: Repositioning of academic institutions in a catching-up country. In Universities in transition: The changing role and challenges for academic institutions, ed. Bo Goransson and Claes Brudenius, 219–245. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ministry of Education and Science. 2017. Report on Latvia’s higher education 2016. Riga (in Latvian). http://www.izm.gov.lv/images/izglitiba_augst/Parskats_augstaka_izglitiba_2016.pdf. Accessed 12 July 2017.
- World Bank. 2014. Higher education financing in Latvia: Final report. Washington, DC: World Bank. http://viaa.gov.lv/files/news/24067/lv_hef_r3vsub_190922014_c_final.pdf. Accessed 12 July 2017.Google Scholar