Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Latvia

  • Inga UlnicaneEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_559-1

The Higher Education Landscape

Since the reestablishment of Latvia’s independence in 1991, its higher education has undergone major transformations including modernization, internationalization, and joining the European Union in 2004. Latvia has a population of two million and a territory of 64,573 km2. After the establishment of independence in 1918, its main university, the University of Latvia, was established in 1919. It is estimated that after the annexation of Latvia to the Soviet Union in 1940, approximately 60% of scientists fled to the West, creating a considerable knowledge diaspora (Adamsone-Fiskovica et al. 2011).

Since 1990, the higher education sector has expanded from 10 public and 2 private higher education institutions to 17 public and 15 private higher education institutions in 2016. The majority of students study in public higher education institutions, which had 56,788 students in 2016, while private institutions attracted 16,002 students. Additionally, 17 public...

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Data Sources

  1. Central Statistical Bureau. www.csb.gov.lv.
  2. Ministry of Education and Science. www.izm.gov.lv.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of ViennaViennaAustria