Regional Roles of Higher Education
The existing literature pertaining to the role of higher education (HE) institutions in regional development can be grouped into two main categories, between academic research and policy research. Each of these can be further subdivided into two sorts, giving four types of study: impact studies, looking at the economic contribution accrued to the presence of the university in a given locality; process studies, seeking to explain and understand the microscale processes by which universities create regional benefits; policy research, attempting to enlighten policy-makers in the issues of universities and regional development; and policy development, practical experiments to develop tools and instruments to improve universities’ regional development contributions. Below we review core contributions within each of these categories.
Impact-Based Academic Studies
It is widely acknowledged that the direct/indirect regional impacts of universities are multifaceted (Florax 1992:...
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- Hermannsson, Kristinn, Katerina Lisenkova, Peter McGregor, and John Swales. 2013. The expenditure impacts of individual higher education institutions and their students on the Scottish economy under a regional government budget constraint: Homogeneity or heterogeneity? Environment and Planning A 45 (3): 710–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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- OECD. 2007. Higher education and regions: Globally competitive, locally engaged. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.Google Scholar
- Perry, B., and T. May. 2006. Excellence, relevance and the university: The “missing middle” in socio-economic engagement. Journal of Higher Education in Africa 4: 69–92.Google Scholar
- Pinheiro, Rómulo. 2012. University ambiguity and institutionalization: A tale of three regions. In Universities and regional development: A critical assessment of tensions and contradictions, ed. Rómulo Pinheiro, Paul Benneworth, and Glen A. Jones, 35–55. Milton Park/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Pinheiro, Rómulo, Paul Benneworth, and Glen A. Jones. 2012. Universities and regional development: A critical assessment of tensions and contradictions. Milton Park/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Ritsilä, Jari, Mika Nieminen, Markku Sotarauta, and Jukka Lahtonen. 2008. Societal and economic engagement of universities in Finland: An evaluation model. Higher Education Management and Policy 29 (2): 1–19.Google Scholar
- Safford, Sean. 2005. Forums vs. fountains: The evolution of knowledge networks in Akron and Rochester. Paper presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Hawaii.Google Scholar
- Schwartzman, Simon. 2008. University and development in Latin America. Successful experiences of research centers. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
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