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Higher Education Expansion in Brazil, Russia, India, and China

Synonyms

Massification of higher education

Definition

Growth of higher education system in absolute and relative numbers; increase of participation in higher education of relevant age cohort population.

Introduction

Despite the differences in political, social, economic, and cultural histories, Brazil, Russia, India, and China share the common characteristics. The BRIC countries are very large in terms of population, territory, and economy. Each country has great economic and political influence in the regions, as well as dominance in education sphere (Altbach et al. 2013). They are emerging markets as their economies have been rapidly growing for the last decades while remaining lower middle income or upper middle income countries (World Bank 2016). The experience of these countries is critical for understanding the higher education system dynamics in large countries with limited resources.

Rapid Expansion

Higher education systems in BRIC are the largest after the USA. In total four...

Keywords

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Correspondence to Isak Froumin .

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Froumin, I., Platonova, D. (2017). Higher Education Expansion in Brazil, Russia, India, and China. In: Shin, J., Teixeira, P. (eds) Encyclopedia of International Higher Education Systems and Institutions. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_51-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_51-1

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  • Print ISBN: 978-94-017-9553-1

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