Higher Education Systems and Institutions, Poland

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_375-1

Introduction

The changes in society and economy in Poland in the last two decades have been as fundamental as the changes in higher education. The growth in the proportion of the population with completed higher education programs, as illustrated by the difference between 25–34 year olds (43% in 2015) and 55–64 year olds (14%), was the most substantial change brought about by the development of the Polish higher education system following 1989. This substantial generational difference in qualification levels shows the scale of change in tertiary educational opportunities between the communist era of the 1980s and the massification era in the post-1989 period.

In this chapter, we use a demographics-induced massification trend as the main point of reference for understanding the most important phenomena that shaped the higher education system and its institutions (governance, funding, and the academic profession). The rise and fall of student enrollments within the system is thus a...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Research Council (NCN) through its grant (UMO-2013/10/M/HS6/00561).

References

  1. Antonowicz, D. 2016. Digital players in an analogue world: Higher education in Poland in the post-massification era. In Access and expansion post-massification. Opportunities and barriers to further growth in higher education participation, ed. B. Jongbloed and H. Vossensteyn, 63–81. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Antonowicz, D., M. Kwiek, and D. Westerheijden. 2017. The government response to the private sector expansion in Poland. In Policy analysis of structural reforms in higher education, ed. H. de Boer et al., 119–138. New York: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Białecki, I., and M. Dąbrowa-Szefler. 2009. Polish higher education in transition: Between policy making and autonomy. In Structuring mass higher education: The role of elite institutions, ed. D. Palfreyman and D.T. Tapper. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  4. Cole, J.R., and S. Cole. 1973. Social stratification in science. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Fulton, O., P. Santiago, Ch. Edquist, E. El-Khawas, and E. Hackl. 2007. OECD reviews of tertiary education. Poland: OECD.Google Scholar
  6. GUS. 2017. Higher education institutions and their finances in 2016. Warsaw: GUS (Central Statistical Office). (and previous editions).Google Scholar
  7. Kulczycki, E. 2017. Assessing publications through a bibliometric indicator: The case of comprehensive evaluation of scientific units in Poland. Research Evaluation 16 (1): 41–52.Google Scholar
  8. Kulczycki, E., M. Korzeń, and P. Korytkowski. 2017. Toward an excellence-based research funding system: Evidence from Poland. Journal of Informetrics 11 (1): 282–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kwiek, M. 2008. Accessibility and equity, market forces and entrepreneurship: Developments in higher education in central and Eastern Europe. Higher Education Management and Policy 20 (1): 89–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kwiek, M. 2012. Changing higher education policies: From the deinstitutionalization to the reinstitutionalization of the research mission in Polish universities. Science and Public Policy 35 (5): 641–654.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kwiek, M. 2013. From system expansion to system contraction: Access to higher education in Poland. Comparative Education Review 56 (3): 553–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kwiek, M. 2014. Structural changes in the Polish higher education system (1990–2010): A synthetic view. European Journal of Higher Education 4 (3): 266–280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kwiek, M. 2015a. Academic generations and academic work: Patterns of attitudes, behaviors and research productivity of polish academics after 1989. Studies in Higher Education 40 (8): 1354–1376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kwiek, M. 2015b. The unfading power of collegiality? University governance in Poland in a European comparative and quantitative perspective. International Journal of Educational Development 43: 77–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kwiek, M. 2016a. De-privatization in higher education: A conceptual approach. Higher Education: 74(2): 259–281.Google Scholar
  16. Kwiek, M. 2016b. From privatization (of the expansion era) to de-privatization (of the contraction era). A national counter-trend in a global context. In Higher education, stratification, and workforce development. Competitive advantage in Europe, the US and Canada, ed. S. Slaughter and B.J. Taylor, 311–329. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kwiek, M. 2017. A generational divide in the polish academic profession. A mixed quantitative and qualitative approach. European Educational Research Journal 16(5): 645–669.Google Scholar
  18. Kwiek, M. 2018. High research productivity in vertically undifferentiated higher education systems: Who are the top performers? Scientometrics. 115(1): 415–462.Google Scholar
  19. Merton, R.K. 1968. The Matthew effect in science. Science 159 (3810): 56–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. NCN (2017). National Research Council (Narodowe Centrum Nauki) database. https://www.ncn.gov.pl/. Last accessed 17 May 2017.
  21. Olsen, J.P. 2010. Governing through institution building. Institutional theory and recent European experiments in democratic organization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pinheiro, R., and D. Antonowicz. 2015. Opening the gates of coping with the flow? Governing access to higher education in northern and Central Europe. Higher Education 70 (3): 299–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Szczepański, J. 1974. Higher education in Eastern Europe. New York: International Council for Educational Development.Google Scholar
  24. Teichler, U., and E.E. Höhle, eds. 2013. The work situation of the academic profession in Europe: Findings of a survey in twelve countries. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  25. Teichler, U., A. Arimoto, and W.K. Cummings. 2013. The changing academic profession. Major findings of a comparative survey. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wolszczak-Derlacz, J., and A. Parteka. 2010. Scientific productivity of public higher education institutions in Poland. A comparative bibliometric analysis. Warsaw: Ernst and Young.Google Scholar
  27. World Bank. 2004. Tertiary education in Poland. Warsaw: World Bank/European Investment Bank.Google Scholar
  28. Woźnicki, J., ed. 2013. Financing and deregulation in higher education. Warsaw: Institute of Knowledge Society.Google Scholar
  29. Yudkevich, M., P.G. Altbach, and L.E. Rumbley, eds. 2015. Young faculty in the twenty-first century. International perspectives. Albany: SUNY Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences, Center for Public Policy StudiesAdam Mickiewicz UniversityPoznanPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Barbara M. Kehm
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Education, Robert Owen Centre for Educational ChangeUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK