Non-tenured Teachers, Higher Education
Non-tenured academics are those who have a contract with a higher education institution (HEI) without possessing or carrying a guarantee of permanent employment. Non-tenured teachers can be in a tenure track position, if they are in a probationary period leading to a tenured position, or in a non-tenure track without necessarily having a probationary period and without the possibility of obtaining tenured.
Tenured and Non-tenured Academics in Higher Education
Having a permanent position has been considered an essential characteristic of the academic profession, since it is said to allow academic freedom. In Europe, a permanent position implies that academics have the guarantee of maintaining their job, dismissal only being possible with a “just cause.” Therefore, in most European countries, the permanent position corresponds to what is known as a tenured position in the USA. The concept of tenured designates, according to the...
This work is funded by National Funds through the FCT–Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UID/CED/00757/2013.
- Altbach, P. 2015. Building an academic career. In Young faculty in the twenty-first century: International perspectives, vol. 5. Albany: Suny PressGoogle Scholar
- American Association of University Professors, AAUP. 2017. Tenure. Retrieved from https://www.aaup.org/issues/tenure. 27 Dec 2017.
- Carvalho, Teresa, and Rui Santiago. 2010. New public management and ‘middle-management’: How do deans influence institutional policies? In The changing dynamics of higher education middle management, Higher education dynamics, ed. L. Meek, L. Goedegebuure, R. Santiago, and T. Carvalho, vol. 28, 165–196. London: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chait, R. 2009. The questions of tenure. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Cross, J., and E. Goldenberg. 2011. Off-track profs: Nontenured teachers in higher education. MIT Press (BK). Cambridge.Google Scholar
- El-Alayli, A., A.A. Hansen-Brown, and M. Ceynar. 2018. Dancing backwards in high heels: Female professors experience more work demands and special favor requests, particularly from academically entitled students. Sex Roles. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-017-0872-6.
- Enders, J. 2001. Between state control and academic capitalism: A comparative perspective on academic staff in Europe. Westport, US. Greenwood Press, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
- Fogg, P. 2003. So many committees, so little time. The Chronicle of Higher Education 50 (17): A14.Google Scholar
- Gentry, R., and D. Stokes. 2015. Strategies for professors who service the University to earn tenure and promotion. Research in Higher Education Journal 29 (1): 1–13.Google Scholar
- Kingwell, M. 2009. The tenure blues. Academic matters. Ocufa’s Journal of Higher Education 13–16.Google Scholar
- Lassiter, Ernestine, and Jennie De Gagne. 2010. Academic freedom and tenure: Protective or destructive to academe. Journal of Globalization and Higher Education 20: 1–7.Google Scholar
- Mallon, William. 2001. Tenure on trial. Case studies of change in employment policies. New York: Routledge Falmer.Google Scholar
- Monahan, Edward. 1984. Tenure and academic freedom in Canadian universities. Interchange 14/15 (4/1): 94–106.Google Scholar
- Musselin, C. 2010. The impact of changing recruitment practices on academic profiles. In Academic and professional identities in higher education: The challenges of a diversifying workforce, 125–137. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Musselin, C. 2015. Long waiting lists despite minimally attractive academic positions. In Young faculty in the twenty-first century: International perspectives, 83.Google Scholar
- Petersen, A.M., M. Riccaboni, and F. Pammolli. 2013. When the hunter becomes the hunted: The science of scientific careers. Lucca: IMT Institute for Advanced Studies. Retrieved from http://physics.bu.edu/~amp17/webpage_files/MyTalks/Torino_2013.pdf.
- Ryan, S. 2012. Academic zombies. A failure of resistance or a means of survival? Australian Universities Review 54 (2): 3–11.Google Scholar
- Tierney, William. 2002. Tenure and academic freedom in the academy: Historical parameters and new challenges. In Tenure in the sacred grove: Issues and strategies for women and minority faculty, ed. J.E. Cooper and D.D. Stevens, 57–70. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
- Trower, Cathy, ed. 2000. Policies on faculty appointment. Standard practices and unusual arrangements. Bolton, MA: Anker Publishing.Google Scholar
- Wagner, N.R. 2006. Getting tenure at a University. San Antonio. http://cs.utsa.edu/~wagner/creative_writing/tenure.pdf.
- Woods, D.R. 2006. A case for revisiting tenure requirements. Thought & Action 135–142.Google Scholar