Non-tenured Teachers, Higher Education

  • T. CarvalhoEmail author
  • Sara Diogo
Living reference work entry



Non-tenured academics are those who have a contract with a higher education institution (HEI) without possessing or carrying a guarantee of permanent employment. Non-tenured teachers can be in a tenure track position, if they are in a probationary period leading to a tenured position, or in a non-tenure track without necessarily having a probationary period and without the possibility of obtaining tenured.

Tenured and Non-tenured Academics in Higher Education

Having a permanent position has been considered an essential characteristic of the academic profession, since it is said to allow academic freedom. In Europe, a permanent position implies that academics have the guarantee of maintaining their job, dismissal only being possible with a “just cause.” Therefore, in most European countries, the permanent position corresponds to what is known as a tenured position in the USA. The concept of tenured designates, according to the...

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This work is funded by National Funds through the FCT–Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UID/CED/00757/2013.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Aveiro, Department of Social, Political and Territorial SciencesAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.CIPES - Research Centre on Higher Education PoliciesMatosinhosPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gaële Goastellec
    • 1
  1. 1.OSPS, LACCUSUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland