New Public Management or Neoliberalism, Higher Education

  • Ivar BleiklieEmail author
Living reference work entry



The term new public management (NPM) was coined by English and Australian public administration scholars (Hood 1991). NPM is a reform model arguing that the quality and efficiency of the civil service should be improved by introducing management techniques and practices drawn mainly from the private sector.

Neoliberalism is an ideology and policy model that emphasizes the value of free market competition. Although there is considerable debate as to the defining features of neoliberal thought and practice, it is most commonly associated with laissez-faire economics.

NPM as a Transnational Reform Ideology

In recent decades higher education (HE) reforms have been driven by many concerns: the formidable growth of HE in terms of students and number of institutions; the increasing complexity, costs, and political visibility of HE systems; as well as the rising significance...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Administration and Organization TheoryUniversity of BergenBergenNorway

Section editors and affiliations

  • Alberto Amaral
    • 1
  • António Magalhães
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.CIPESUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Psychology and Education SciencesUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Centre for Research in Higher Education Policies (CIPES)PortoPortugal