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Halogenated Hydrocarbons

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Halocarbons

Definition

Halogenated hydrocarbons are chemical compounds containing carbon and hydrogen atoms and one or more halogens (bromine, chlorine, fluorine, iodine) in their chemical structure to form organobromine, organochlorine, organofluorine, and organoiodine compounds. The organochlorine compounds (i.e., chlorinated hydrocarbons) are a particularly well-known and hazardous group of halogenated hydrocarbons in estuarine and marine environments. As a group, the halogenated hydrocarbons consist of some of the most persistent, ubiquitous, and toxic environmental pollutants. They commonly originate from agricultural activities, industrial operations, and urbanization (Kennish, 1997; Kennish, 2001; Kennish et al., 2008).

Description

Among the wide array of halogenated hydrocarbons found in estuarine and marine environments, the higher-molecular-weight compounds pose the most serious threat to estuarine and marine organisms. This is so because the higher-molecular-weight...

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Bibliography

  • Kennish, M. J., 1992. Ecology of Estuaries: Anthropogenic Effects. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

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  • Kennish, M. J. (ed.), 1997. Practical Handbook of Estuarine and Marine Pollution. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

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  • Kennish, M. J. (ed.), 2001. Practical Handbook Marine Science, 3rd edn. Boca Raton: CRC Press.

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  • Kennish, M. J., Livingston, R. J., Raffaelli, D., and Reise, K., 2008. Environmental future of estuaries. In Polunin, N. V. C. (ed.), Aquatic Ecosystems: Trends and Global Prospects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 188–206.

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Correspondence to Michael J. Kennish .

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© 2016 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Kennish, M.J. (2016). Halogenated Hydrocarbons. In: Kennish, M.J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Estuaries. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_410

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