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Forested Wetland Habitat

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Mangrove forest; Swamp; Tidal freshwater forested wetland; Tidal saltwater forested wetland; Tidal várzea

Definition

A forested wetland (swamp) is a forest where soils are saturated or flooded for at least a portion of the growing season, and vegetation, dominated by trees, is adapted to tolerate flooded conditions.

A tidal freshwater forested wetland is a forested wetland that experiences frequent but short-term surface flooding via tidal action, with average salinity of soil porewater less than 0.5 g/l. It is known locally as tidal várzea in the Amazon delta, Brazil.

A tidal saltwater forested wetland (mangrove forest) is a forested wetland that experiences frequent but short-term surface flooding via tidal action, with average salinity often exceeding 3 g/l and reaching levels that can exceed seawater. Mangrove ecosystems are composed of facultative halophytes that generally experience better growth at moderate salinity concentrations.

Introduction

Forested wetlands...

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Correspondence to Jamie A. Duberstein .

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Duberstein, J.A., Krauss, K.W. (2016). Forested Wetland Habitat. In: Kennish, M.J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Estuaries. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_387

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