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Headland Breakwaters

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Bay beach; Embayment; Pocket beach

Definition

Headland breakwaters are coastal structures placed roughly parallel to the coast and attached to the land with a sand spit (i.e., tombolo), thereby forming a headland.

Introduction

Headland breakwaters are structures, often made of rock, that can occur as a single breakwater or a series of breakwater that create a series of pocket beaches (Figure 1). These types of structures are used worldwide for the protection of the coast and to stabilize beach nourishment. Much of the research and applications have centered on open ocean applications and the Great Lakes (Suh and Dalrymple, 1987). The use of headland breakwaters in estuarine systems has been limited except for the United States’ mid-Atlantic coast. The Chesapeake Bay, in particular, has numerous examples of this application (Hardaway and Gunn, 2010; Hardaway and Gunn, 2011). This is due in part, to a long history of installations where beach habitat can be considered as a...

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Headland Breakwaters, Figure 1
Headland Breakwaters, Figure 2
Headland Breakwaters, Figure 3
Headland Breakwaters, Figure 4

Bibliography

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Correspondence to C. Scott Hardaway Jr. .

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Hardaway, C.S., Gunn, J.R. (2016). Headland Breakwaters. In: Kennish, M.J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Estuaries. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_313

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