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Geomorphological Mapping

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Definition

Geomorphological mapping refers to the process of defining, identifying, and graphically delimiting the fundamental geomorphic units that comprise a landscape.

Principles and background

Geomorphological maps typically are developed for geographically small areas between 101 and 104 km2 at scales between 1:5,000 and 1:50,000. Despite this relatively narrow range of areal and scale parameters, a hierarchy of different geomorphic features can be identified as basic units (Knight et al., 2011; Smith, 2011). Map units typically reflect the intrinsic characteristics of the landforms (i.e., morphology, morphometry, chronology, and formation processes) and related non-geomorphological data regarding the geographic, geologic, or environmental setting (Pavlopoulos et al., 2009). Many forms and processes, such mass wasting, can be identified over a wide range of scales. However, at small scales, small features and processes are difficult to identify and delimit, while large features,...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_248
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Bibliography

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Correspondence to Michael A. O’Neal .

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O’Neal, M.A. (2016). Geomorphological Mapping. In: Kennish, M.J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Estuaries. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_248

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