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Artificial Reef

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Part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series book series (EESS)

Synonyms

Artificial habitats; Artificial reef structures; Man-made habitats; Man-made reefs

Definition

“An artificial reef is one or more objects of natural or human origin deployed purposefully on the seafloor to influence physical, biological, or socioeconomic processes related to living marine resources” (Seaman and Jensen, 2000, 5). While this definition is directed toward the marine environment, a few modifications to include “estuarine and freshwater” resources make it applicable to the estuarine environment as well. Also, it should be noted that artificial reefs are not always “deployed purposefully” as “accidental” deployments of ships or other objects sunk by storms, acts of war, or other episodic events can also create submerged structure that function under the banner of artificial reefs. Additionally, a broader appreciation of the utility of artificial reefs would certainly make them useful to disciplines which are not mutually exclusive. Thus, artificial reefs can...

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Artificial Reef, Figure 1

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Correspondence to Stephen A. Bortone .

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Bortone, S.A. (2016). Artificial Reef. In: Kennish, M.J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Estuaries. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8801-4_153

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