Encyclopedia of Lipidomics

Living Edition
| Editors: Markus R. Wenk


  • Alexander Triebl
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7864-1_58-1



Glycerophospholipids are a class of lipids comprising several subclasses. Their basic building blocks (Fig. 1) are:
  • Glycerol

  • A phosphate group, esterified to a terminal hydroxyl group of glycerol

  • One or two fatty acids, linked via either acyl-, alkyl-, or alkenyl-bonds to the remaining hydroxyl groups. Although the length and degree of unsaturation of the fatty acids vary, phospholipids typically contain a saturated fatty acid at the sn-1 position and an unsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acid at the sn-2 position.

  • A head group, determining the subclass


Fatty Acid Composition Head Group Vinyl Ether Ethanolamine Plasmalogens Choline Phosphotransferase 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zentrum für Medizinische Forschung (ZMF)Medizinische Universität GrazGrazAustria