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Al-Ghazali (Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī)

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Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad b. Muḥammad al-Ghazālī was born in Tus in the region of Khurasan in Persia in 1058 CE. For his education, he moved to the cities of Jurjan and Nishapur. There, he studied with one of the leading theologians of his time, Abū ‘l-Maʿālī al-Juwaynī (d. 1085). Al-Juwaynī instructed al-Ghazālī in the creed of one particular theological school, the Ashʿariyya, which he would remain faithful to until his death.

In 1085, al-Ghazālī joined the court of the Seljuq vizier Niẓām al-Mulk. A few years later, in 1091, Niẓām al-Mulk appointed al-Ghazālī teacher at one of the colleges he had founded, the Niẓāmiyya college in Baghdad, where al-Ghazālī taught law according to the Shāfiʿī school to a large number of students. During this time, he also engaged deeply in the study of Islamic philosophy.

In his autobiography, The Deliverer from Error (al-Munqidh min al-ḍalāl, composed between 1107 and 1109), al-Ghazālī recounts that, after a few years of teaching at the...

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Correspondence to Hannah C. Erlwein .

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Erlwein, H.C. (2022). Al-Ghazali (Abū Ḥāmid al-Ghazālī). In: Sellers, M., Kirste, S. (eds) Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy. Springer, Dordrecht.

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