Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Mortimer Sellers, Stephan Kirste

Adler, Max

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6730-0_841-1


Max Adler, born January 15, 1873, in Vienna, Austria, studied law at the University of Vienna where he received his degree in 1896. Renowned as a Neo-Kantian Marxist, he was active in the Austrian Social Democratic party as both a politician and theoretician until his death in 1937.

Among the Austrian Marxists of his generation, Adler was the most astute in the philosophical movements of his time, evidenced from the onset of his significant publications, which began with Kausalitȁt und Teleologie im Streite um die Wissenschaft [Causality and Teleology in Conflict Over What is Science] published in 1904 as a monograph in the first Marx-Studien, a monograph series he co-edited with Rudolf Hilferding. Adler’s last publication Das Rȁtsel der Gesellschaft (Vienna, 1936) included in its contents, besides providing an exhaustive epistemology of Marxism that secured its meaning as a social scientific approach to society, capsule reviews of 22 contemporary philosophers,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Adler M (1904) Kausalitȁt und Teleologie im Streite um die Wissenschaft. Wiener Volksbuchhandlung, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  2. Adler M (1913) Marxistische Probleme. J.H.W. Dietz Verlag, StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  3. (1922) Die Staatsauffassung des Marxismus. Wiener Volksbuchhandlung, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  4. (1930, 1932) Lehrbuch der Materialistischen Geschichtsauffassung, 2 vols. BerlinGoogle Scholar
  5. (1936) Das Rȁtsel der Gesellschaft. ViennaGoogle Scholar
  6. Adler M (1964) Die Soldarische Gesellschaft. Europa Verlag, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  7. Abendroth-Weigand F (1959) Max Adlers transzendentale Grundlegung des Sozialismus; als Beitrag zum Methodenfrage des Marxismus verstanden. University of Vienna, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  8. Adler M, (1904) Kausalitaet und Teleologie im Streite um die Wissenschaft (Vienna: Wiener Volksbuchhandlung, 1904)Google Scholar
  9. Blum ME (1985) The Austro-Marxists 1890–1918, a psychobiographical study. The University Press of Kentucky, LexingtonGoogle Scholar
  10. Blum ME, Smaldone W (eds) (2016) Austro-Marxism: the ideology of unity. Austro-Marxist theory and strategy. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  11. Blum ME, Smaldone W (eds) (2017) Austro-Marxism: the ideology of unity. Changing the world: the politics of Austro-Marxism. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  12. Goldmann L (1969) The human sciences and philosophy (trans: White H, Anchor R). Cape, LondonGoogle Scholar
  13. Kelsen H (1922) Der Soziologische und der Juristische Staatsbegriff, Kritische Untersuchung des Veerhȁltnisses von Staat und Recht. J.C.B. Mohr, TübingenGoogle Scholar
  14. Leser N, Pfabigan A (eds) (1981) Max Adler, Ausgewȁhlte Schriften. Oesterreichischer Bundesverlag, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  15. Marx K (1904) Einleitung zu einer Kritik der politischen Oekonomie. Neue Zeit XX(1):710–718Google Scholar
  16. Pfabigan A (1982) Max Adler, Eine politische Biographie. Campus Verlag, FrankfurtGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gianfrancesco Zanetti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LawUniversità degli Studi di Modena e Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly