Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Mortimer Sellers, Stephan Kirste

Aristotle’s Legal and Social Philosophy

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6730-0_411-1
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Introduction

In his legal and social philosophy, Aristotle speaks to us in apparently familiar terms with detailed discussions of justice, law, and constitutions. Indeed, political thinkers representing a wide variety of approaches have found value in Aristotelian ideas. In recent decades, Aristotle has been claimed by communitarians, social democrats, and even libertarians. Given this diversity in reception, it is useful to consider the foundations of Aristotle’s legal and social philosophy in order to see why some of his ideas have retained their interest for modern readers.

The Human Good and Human Nature

Many classic themes in political philosophy appear in Aristotle’s eight-book Politics, and a survey of its contents may suggest that this work is a self-contained treatment of political life. But just like Plato, who seamlessly blends ethical and political theorizing in the Republic and Laws, Aristotle does not separate politics from concerns about how we ought to live. Indeed, he...

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References

  1. MacIntyre A (1999) Dependent rational animals: why human beings need the virtues. Open Court Publishing, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  2. Nussbaum MC (1990) Aristotelian social democracy. In: Douglass RB, Mara GM, Richardson HS (eds) Liberalism and the good. Routledge, New York/London, pp 203–252Google Scholar
  3. Rasmussen DB, Den Uyl DJ (1991) Liberty and nature: an Aristotelian defense of liberal order. Open Court Publishing, La SalleGoogle Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyColumbia UniversityNew York CityUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gianfrancesco Zanetti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LawUniversità degli Studi di Modena e Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly