β Cell Store-Operated Ion Channels

  • Colin A. Leech
  • Richard F. Kopp
  • Louis H. Philipson
  • Michael W. Roe
Reference work entry


Signaling molecules produced in the pancreatic β-cell following mitochondrial oxidation of glycolytic intermediate metabolites and oxidative phosphorylation trigger Ca2+-dependent signaling pathways that regulate insulin exocytosis. Much is known about ATP-sensitive K+ and voltage-gated Ca2+ currents that contribute to Ca2+-dependent signal transduction in β-cells and insulin secretion, but relatively little is known about other Ca2+ channels that regulate β-cell Ca2+ signaling dynamics and insulin secretion. In a wide range of eukaryotic cells, store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) plays a critical role regulating spatial and temporal changes in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ homeostasis, gene expression, protein biosynthesis, and cell viability. Although SOCE has been proposed to play important roles in β-cell Ca2+ signaling and insulin secretion, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain undefined. In this chapter, we provide both an overview of our current understanding of ionic currents regulated by ER Ca2+ stores in insulin-secreting cells and a review of studies in other cell systems that have identified the molecular basis and regulation of SOCE.


Calcium signaling Stimulus-secretion coupling Store-operated ion channels Store-operated calcium entry Calcium release-activated calcium channel Calcium release-activated nonselective cation channel Stromal interaction molecule TRP channels Orai Insulin secretion 



Research in the authors’ laboratories was supported by the American Diabetes Association Research Award 1-12-BS-109 (CAL) and by the National Institutes of Health R01 grants DK074966 and DK092616 (MWR).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin A. Leech
    • 1
  • Richard F. Kopp
    • 1
  • Louis H. Philipson
    • 2
  • Michael W. Roe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineState University of New York Upstate Medical UniversitySyracuseUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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