Toxins Produced by Marine Invertebrate and Vertebrate Animals: A Short Review

  • Valentin A. Stonik
  • Inna V. Stonik
Living reference work entry


Polypeptide and low molecular weight toxins are widely found in marine invertebrates and vertebrates. These dangerous toxins cause painful and sometimes lethal stings. Due to their properties, some are of interest for application in medicine and as excellent biochemical tools in nerve-conduction studies and the discovery of new molecular targets for pharmacology.


Venom Gland Triterpene Glycoside Peptide Toxin Poison Gland Amino Acid Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.G.B. Elyakov Pacific Institute of Bioorganic ChemistryFar Eastern Brunch, Russian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.AV Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine BiologyFar Eastern Brunch, Russian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

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