Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences

Living Edition
| Editors: Jan Harff, Martin Meschede, Sven Petersen, Jörn Thiede

Marine Sedimentary Basins

  • Paul Mann
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6644-0_99-2



Marine sedimentary basins are any modern basin that is currently below sea level and influenced by marine sedimentary processes and sedimentation. Many ancient marine sedimentary basins are now deformed and uplifted into modern, mountain chains as part of ongoing or ancient orogenic – or mountain-building – processes.

The modern marine sedimentary basins of the world’s ocean basins can be subdivided into continental shelves, slopes, rises, abyssal plains, and oceanic trenches in passive margin settings (Fig. 1). As these topics have been defined and discussed by other authors of the encyclopedia, I will focus on the origin of the main tectonic classes of marine sedimentary basins in active margin settings that include those produced in rift, collisional, subduction, and strike-slip environments, along with bolide impacts into marine environments (Fig. 1).


Foreland Basin East African Rift Forearc Basin Thermal Subsidence South American Plate 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, 312 Science & Research 1University of HoustonHoustonUSA