Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences

Living Edition
| Editors: Jan Harff, Martin Meschede, Sven Petersen, Jörn Thiede

Deep-Sea Fans

  • Thierry Mulder
  • Heiko Hüneke
Living reference work entry

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6644-0_52-3



The term “deep-sea fan” has been coined by Normark (1970) to describe modern turbidite systems with a point source that typically display a fan-shaped outline. This morphological analysis was based on the Pleistocene Californian fans San Lucas and Astoria. Mutti and Ricci Lucchi (1972) used a similar model to describe the fan-shaped facies association of Cretaceous and Tertiary turbidite systems in the Apennines and Spanish Pyrenees.

The Depositional System

Models that are more recent try to make a synthesis between morphology, sedimentary processes, depositional environment, and sedimentary facies (Walker, 1978; Mutti, 1979; Barnes and Normark, 1985). They include control factors such as sedimentary source, tectonic context, and eustatic changes.

The term “turbidite system” was thus preferentially used to embrace all deepwater clastic depositional systems. The environmental model of Reading and Richards (1994)...


Continental Margin Continental Slope Depositional System Sedimentary Facies Facies Association 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universite’ de BordeauxTalenceFrance
  2. 2.Institut für Geographie und GeologieErnst Moritz Arndt UniversitätGreifswaldGermany