Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences

Living Edition
| Editors: Jan Harff, Martin Meschede, Sven Petersen, Jörn Thiede

Deep-Sea Fans

  • Thierry Mulder
  • Heiko Hüneke
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6644-0_52-3

Synonyms

Definition

The term “deep-sea fan” has been coined by Normark (1970) to describe modern turbidite systems with a point source that typically display a fan-shaped outline. This morphological analysis was based on the Pleistocene Californian fans San Lucas and Astoria. Mutti and Ricci Lucchi (1972) used a similar model to describe the fan-shaped facies association of Cretaceous and Tertiary turbidite systems in the Apennines and Spanish Pyrenees.

The Depositional System

Models that are more recent try to make a synthesis between morphology, sedimentary processes, depositional environment, and sedimentary facies (Walker, 1978; Mutti, 1979; Barnes and Normark, 1985). They include control factors such as sedimentary source, tectonic context, and eustatic changes.

The term “turbidite system” was thus preferentially used to embrace all deepwater clastic depositional systems. The environmental model of Reading and Richards (1994)...

Keywords

Continental Margin Continental Slope Depositional System Sedimentary Facies Facies Association 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Bibliography

  1. Barnes, P. M., and Normark, W. R., 1985. Diagnostic parameters for comparing modern submarine fans and ancient turbidite systems. In Bouma, A., Normark, W., and Barnes, N. (eds.), Submarine Fans and Related Turbidite Systems. New York: Springer, pp. 13–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Miall, A. D., 1985. Architectural-element analysis: a new method of facies analysis applied to fluvial deposits. Earth-Science Reviews, 22, 261–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Mutti, E., 1979. Turbidites et cônes sous-marins profonds. In Homewood, P. (ed.), Sédimentation Détritique (Fluviatile, Littorale et Marine). Fribourg: Institut de Géologie de l’Université de Fribourg, pp. 353–419. Short Course.Google Scholar
  4. Mutti, E., and Ricci Lucchi, F., 1972. Le torbiditi dell’Appennino settentrionale: introductione all’analisi di facies. Memorie della Societa’ Geologica Italiana, 11, 161–199.Google Scholar
  5. Normark, W. R., 1970. Growth patterns of deep-sea fans. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 54, 2170–2195.Google Scholar
  6. Reading, H. G., and Richards, M. T., 1994. The classification of deep-water siliciclastic depositional systems by grain size and feeder systems. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 78, 792–822.Google Scholar
  7. Richards, M., Bowman, M., and Reading, H., 1998. Submarine-fan systems I: characterization and stratigraphic prediction. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 15, 689–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Walker, R. G., 1978. Deep-water sandstone facies and ancient submarine fans: models for exploration for stratigraphic traps. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 62, 932–966.Google Scholar
  9. Walker, R. G., 1992. Turbidites and submarine fans. In Walker, R. G., and James, N. P. (eds.), Facies Models: Response to Sea Level Changes. St. John’s: Geological Association of Canada, pp. 1–14. GEOtext 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universite’ de BordeauxTalenceFrance
  2. 2.Institut für Geographie und GeologieErnst Moritz Arndt UniversitätGreifswaldGermany