Shotgun Approaches for Venom Analysis

  • Rafael Donadelli Melani
  • Livia Goto-Silva
  • Fábio César Sousa Nogueira
  • Magno Junqueira
  • Gilberto Barbosa Domont
Reference work entry
Part of the Toxinology book series (TOXI)


Shotgun proteomics relies on the identification, quantification, and characterization of proteins in complex samples. Recent advances in instrumentation allow for sensitive and comprehensive shotgun protein analysis in a high-throughput manner. Combination of shotgun techniques to novel analytical strategies opens interesting possibilities for the implementation of new approaches and methodologies in the frontiers of venom biology. Examples are (i) identification of proteins in low abundance, using combinatorial ligand peptide libraries; (ii) relative and absolute protein quantitation ; and (iii) identification of posttranslational modifications. The full potential of shotgun analysis in venomics is yet to be explored. Some of the pioneer works in the field will be reviewed.


Snake Venom Immobilize Metal Affinity Chromatography Sequence Similarity Search Shotgun Proteomics Venom Protein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Donadelli Melani
    • 1
  • Livia Goto-Silva
    • 1
  • Fábio César Sousa Nogueira
    • 1
  • Magno Junqueira
    • 1
  • Gilberto Barbosa Domont
    • 1
  1. 1.Proteomics UnitInstitute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil

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