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Scorpionism and Dangerous Species of Mexico

  • Alfredo Luis Chávez-Haro
  • Ernesto Ortiz
Reference work entry
Part of the Toxinology book series (TOXI, volume 4)

Abstract

The incidence of scorpionism in Mexico is one of the highest around the world. With more than 250,000 accidents reported every year, it has become a serious health problem. Seven scorpion species belonging to the Centruroides genus are the main culprits of the cases of human envenomations in this country. The experience acquired after more than 40 years of handling scorpion-stung patients in the Red Cross Hospital of León, Guanajuato, Mexico, is here detailed. Nationwide statistics from the Mexican Secretary of Health are also contributed. Envenomations due to scorpion sting are divided into three categories in accordance to the seriousness of the symptoms. Patients with moderate and severe symptoms are immediately treated with specific anti-scorpion polyvalent antivenoms (generically denominated “fabotherapeutic”) made in Mexico, with outstanding results. The nationwide application of the Norma Oficial Mexicana for the treatment of scorpion stings has resulted in a dramatic reduction of deceases due to scorpionism.

Keywords

Serum Sickness Foreign Body Sensation Lidocaine Hydrochloride Scorpion Venom Venom Component 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cruz Roja Mexicana, Delegación LeónLeónMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Medicina Molecular y Bioprocesos, Instituto de BiotecnologíaUniversidad Nacional Autonóma de MéxicoCuernavacaMéxico

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