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Beta Counter

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Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods
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Beta counter: Instrument for the detection of beta particles and hence quantification of beta-emitting radioactive material.

Beta particle (b): Electron emitted from an atomic nucleus during a nuclear decay in which the atomic number (Z) increases by 1 (essentially, a proton is converted to a neutron with emission of an electron from the nucleus).

Proportional counter: A gas-filled radiation detector in which electrons are accelerated towards an anode, creating secondary ionization events in the gas, which in turn cause additional ionization events, etc. This cascade (Townsend avalanche; charge amplification) results in electronic pulses which are proportional to the energy originally deposited within the detector by ionizing radiation.

Liquid scintillation counter: A liquid-filled radiation detector in which a radioactive sample is dissolved into a liquid scintillator (typically based on an organic solvent such as toluene). Deposition of energy through ionizing radiation...

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Bibliography

  • Knoll, G. F., 2000. Radiation Detection and Measurement, 3rd edn. New York: Wiley.

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  • Sanderson, D. C. W., 1988. Thick Source Beta Counting (TBSC): a rapid method for measuring beta dose rates. International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation Part D: Nuclear Tracks and Radiation Measurements, 14, 203–207.

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Correspondence to Jeroen Thompson Ph.D. .

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© 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht

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Thompson, J. (2013). Beta Counter. In: Rink, W., Thompson, J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_51-2

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_51-2

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