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Carbonates, Marine Carbonates, (U-Series)

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Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods
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Synonyms

Coral dating; 238U-234U-230Th dating; U-series chronology; U-Th dating

Definition

U-series nuclides. Nuclides of the 238U, 235U, and 232Th radioactive decay chains, which begin with the above radioactive nuclides and end with a stable isotope of lead.

Fractionation. The fractional gain or loss of one element relative to another (elemental fractionation) or one isotope relative to another of the same element (isotopic fractionation) during geological events.

Decay constant. The proportionality constant of a radionuclide defining the number of atoms decaying over a given period of time compared with the number of atoms present initially.

Mass spectrometry. An analytical technique that produces spectra of the masses of molecules or atoms used to determine the isotopic composition of a sample. Particles are ionized in the instrument source followed by physical separation based on their mass-to-charge ratio.

Introduction

For the last 800 millennia, climate has oscillated between...

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Correspondence to C. H. Stirling .

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Stirling, C.H. (2014). Carbonates, Marine Carbonates, (U-Series). In: Rink, W., Thompson, J. (eds) Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_242-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_242-1

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