Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods

Living Edition
| Editors: W. Jack Rink, Jeroen Thompson

Environmental Releases

  • Robert Morrison
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_226-1

Definition

Environmental Forensics. The systematic and scientific evaluation of physical, chemical, and historical information for the purpose of developing defensible scientific and legal conclusions regarding the source or age of a contaminant release into the environment (Morrison and Murphy 2013).

Introduction

The study of contaminant releases into the environment is termed environmental forensics. Forensic techniques used to date and identify the origin of a contaminant release include dendroecology, aerial photogrammetry, compound-specific isotopic analysis (CSIA), congener analysis, contaminant transport modeling (liquid and colloidal), molar ratio analysis, biological, isotopic, and chemical pattern recognition, corrosion modeling, lipid and associated biological techniques, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and advanced multicomponent analysis of chemical data. The following text describes selected techniques used to identify the source and age of a contaminant release into...

Keywords

Source Identification Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Longitudinal Dispersion Contaminant Plume Tricyclic Terpane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry (ATSDR), 2002a. Toxicological Profile for DDT, DDE, and DDD. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, p. 403. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp35.pdf. Accessed April 13, 2014.
  2. Agency for Toxic Substance and Disease Registry (ATSDR), 2002b. Toxicological Profile for aldrin/dieldrin. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, p. 303. http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp1.pdf. Accessed April 13, 2014.
  3. Alapati, S., and Kabala, Z. J., 2000. Recovering the release history of a groundwater contaminant using a non-linear least-squares method. Hydrology Processes, 14(6), 1003–1016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aral, M. M., Guan, J. B., and Malia, M. L., 2001. Identification of contaminant source location and release history in aquifers. Journal Hydrology Engineering, 6(3), 225–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benn, B. T., and Westerhoff, P., 2008. Nanoparticle silver released into water from commercial available sock fabrics. Environmental Science & Technology, 42(11), 4133–4139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Butera, I., and Tanda, M. G., 2003. A geostatistical approach to recover the release history of groundwater pollutants. Water Resources Research, 39(12), 1372, doi:10.1029/2003WR002314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Clement, P., 2011. Complexities in hindcasting models – when should we say enough is enough? Groundwater, 49(5), 620–629.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fukai, T., and Nakata, Y., 2001. A Study of Dry Cleaning Solvents and Clothing: Source of Dioxin Exposure? Nagano: Clean Water World Initiative Institute of Sosei, p. 24. http://www.bredl.org/pdf/DryCleaning_DioxinStudy.pdf. Accessed April 13, 2014.
  9. Hunkeler, D., Laier, T., Breider, G., and Jacobson, O. S., 2012. Demonstrating a natural origin of chloroform in groundwater using stable carbon isotopes. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(11), 6096–6101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kaplan, I. R., Galperin, Y., Lu, S.-T., and Lee, R. P., 1997. Forensic environmental geochemistry: differentiation of fuel types, their sources and release time. Organic Geochemistry, 27(5), 289–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. McLaughlin, D., and Townley, L. R., 1996. A reassessment of the groundwater inverse problem. Water Resources Research, 32(5), 1131–1161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Michalak, A., 2001. Feasibility of contaminant source identification for property rights enforcement. In Anderson, T. L., and Hall, P. J. (eds.), The Technology of Property Rights. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 125–146.Google Scholar
  13. Michalak, A. M., and Kitanidis, P. K., 2003. A method for enforcing parameter nonnegativity in Bayesian inverse problems with an application to contaminant source identification. Water Resources Research, 39(2), 1033, doi:10.1029/2002WR001480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Michalak, A. M., and Kitanidis, P. K., 2004. Estimation of historical groundwater contaminant distribution using the adjoint state method applied to geostatistical inverse modeling. Water Resources Research, 40, W08302, doi:10.1029/2004WR003214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morrison, R. D., 1999. Environmental Forensics. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, p. 351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Morrison, R. D., 2013. Overview, analysis and interpretation of environmental forensic evidence. In Siegel, J. A., and Saukko, P. J. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences, 2nd edn. Oxford, UK: Academic Press, pp. 45–50.Google Scholar
  17. Morrison, R.D., 2014. Forensic applications of subsurface contaminant transport models. Chapter 16. In Murphy, B. L., and Morrison, R.D. (eds). Introduction to Environmental Forensics, 3rd edn. Oxford, UK: Academic Press, pp. 520–551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Morrison, R. D., and Murphy, B. L., 2006. Environmental Forensics Contaminant Specific Guide. Oxford, UK: Academic Press, p. 541.Google Scholar
  19. Morrison, R. D., and Murphy, B. L., 2013. Chlorinated Solvents A Forensic Evaluation. Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, p. 572.Google Scholar
  20. Morrison, R.D., and O’Sullivan, G., 2010. Environmental Forensics Proceedings of the 2009 INEF Annual Conference. Calgary, CA: Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, p. 313.Google Scholar
  21. Morrison, R. D., and G. O’Sullivan, 2012. Environmental Forensics Proceedings of the 2011 INEF Conference. St. John’s College, Cambridge, UK: Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, p. 345.Google Scholar
  22. Morrison, R. D., and O’Sullivan, G., 2014. Environmental Forensics Proceedings of the 2013 INEF Conference. Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing, p. 214Google Scholar
  23. Murphy, B. L., and Morrison, R. D., 2002. Introduction to Environmental Forensics. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Academic Press, p. 560.Google Scholar
  24. Murphy, B. L., and Morrison, R. D., 2007. Introduction to Environmental Forensics, 2nd edn. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Academic Press, p. 746.Google Scholar
  25. Murphy, B. L., and Morrison, R. D., 2014. Introduction to Environmental Forensics, 3rd edn. Oxford, UK: Elsevier Academic Press, p. 704.Google Scholar
  26. Neupauer, R. M., and Wilson, J. L., 2002. Backward probabilistic model of groundwater contamination in non-uniform and transient flow. Advances in Water Resources, 25(7), 733–746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peters, K. E., Walters, C. C., and Moldowan, J. M., 2007. The Biomarker Guide: volume 1, Biomarkers and Isotopes in the Environment and Human History, 2nd edn. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, p. 451.Google Scholar
  28. Sciortino, A., Harmon, T. C., and Yeh, W., 2000. Inverse modeling for locating dense nonaqueous pools in groundwater under steady flow conditions. Water Resources Research, 36(7), 1723–1735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Totonidis, S., 2005. A role for trichloroethylene in developing nation anaesthesia. Kathmandu University Medical Journal, 3(2), 181–190.Google Scholar
  30. USEPA, 1978. Review of the Environmental Effects of Pollutants: 1. Mirex and kepone. EPA-600/1-78-013. Health Effects Research Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, p. 235.Google Scholar
  31. Wang, Z., and Stout, S., 2007. Oil Spill Environmental Forensics. Oxford, UK: Academic Press, p. 554.Google Scholar
  32. Wenning, R. L., and Martello, L., 2014. POPs in marine and freshwater environments. Chapter 8. In O’Sullivan, G., and Sandau, C., (eds.), Environmental Forensics for Persistent Organic Pollutants. Oxford, UK: Academic Elsevier Press, pp. 357–390.Google Scholar
  33. Woodbury, A. D., Sudicky, E., Ulrych, T. J., and Ludwig, R., 1998. Three dimensional plume source reconstruction using minimum relative entropy inversion. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 32(1–2), 131–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HawiUSA