Category B: Planetary Surfaces (Cratering Rate)
Planetary surface: Interface between the solid (or liquid) material of a planet and either its atmosphere or the outer space. Actual planetary surfaces are found only on solid planetary bodies, such as the terrestrial planets, moons, or planetesimals.
Cratering rate: The rate at which craters of a given size form per time interval and surface unit.
Planetary surfaces carry the imprint of geological evolution of the specific planetary body and, when dated, allow estimates of the timing and rates of geological processes. Establishment of the geological evolutionary history (chronostratigraphy) of solid-surface planetary bodies is based on the most common surface-modifying geological process, impact cratering. The crater density indicates a relative sequence of events, and when calibrated by radiometric dating of returned samples (e.g., Apollo samples from the Moon), crater density-based relative...
KeywordsLunar Surface Planetary System Planetary Surface Planetary Body Crater Size
- Crater Analysis Techniques Working Group, Arvidson, R., Boyce, J., Chapman, C., Cintala, M., Fulchignoni, M., Moore, H., Neukum, G., Schultz, P., Soderblom, L., Strom, R., Woronow, A., and Young, R., 1979. Standard techniques for presentation and analysis of crater size-frequency data. Icarus, 37, 467–474.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gomes, R., Levison, H. F., Tsiganis, K., and Morbidelli, A., 2005. Origin of the cataclysmic late heavy bombardment period of the terrestrial planets. Science, 435, 466–469.Google Scholar
- Ivanov, B. A., Neukum, G., Bottke, W. F. Jr., Hartmann, W. K., 2002. The comparison of size-frequency distributions of impact craters and asteroids and the planetary cratering rate. In Bottke, W. F. Jr., Cellino, A., Paolicchi, P., and Binzel, R. P. (eds.) Asteroids III. The University of Arizona Press: Tucson, Arizona, USA, 89–101.Google Scholar
- Öpik, E. J., 1960. Interplanetary Encounters: Close-Range Gravitational Interactions. Amsterdam: Elsevier, p. 155.Google Scholar
- Shoemaker, E. M., Hackman, R. J., and Eggleton, R. E., 1962. Interplanetary correlation of geologic time. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences, 8, 70–89.Google Scholar
- Tsiganis, K., Gomes, R., Morbidelli, A., and Levison, H. F., 2005. Origin of the orbital architecture of the giant planets of the solar system. Science, 435, 459–461.Google Scholar
- Werner, S. C., and Ivanov, B. A., 2014. Exogenic dynamics, cratering and surface ages. In Spohn, T., (ed.), Treaties on Geophysics. Elsevier: Amsterdam, The Netherlands (in press).Google Scholar