Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods

Living Edition
| Editors: W. Jack Rink, Jeroen Thompson

Amino Acid Racemization, Eolianites

  • Colin V. Murray-Wallace
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_12-1

Abstract

Occurring along many of the world’s coastlines, eolianites are geographically extensive, wind-blown accumulations of skeletal carbonate sands derived from the physical breakdown of marine invertebrates from adjacent continental shelves. Eolianite successions have been of interest as archives of long-term environmental change and their potential for reconstructing Quaternary relative sea-level histories. Amino acid racemization (AAR) has been applied to the dating of eolianite successions (“whole-rock” dating) and has involved assessments of relative age, stratigraphical correlation, and, in more ideal situations, the derivation of numerical ages for eolianite units. Fossil molluscs from interstratified shelly facies have also been dated using AAR to constrain the timing of eolianite deposition.

Keywords

Sedimentary Succession Subaerial Exposure Lower Molecular Weight Peptide Eolian Dune Skeletal Carbonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Bateman, M. D., Holmes, P. J., Carr, A. S., Horton, B. P., and Jaiswal, M. K., 2004. Aeolianite and barrier dune construction spanning the last two glacial – interglacial cycles from the southern Cape, South Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 23, 1681–1698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooke, B. P., 2001. The distribution of carbonate eolianite. Earth-Science Reviews, 55, 135–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brooke, B. P., Murray-Wallace, C. V., Woodroffe, C. D., and Heijnis, H. J., 2003. Quaternary aminostratigraphy of eolianite on Lord Howe Island, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Quaternary Science Reviews, 22, 387–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fairbridge, R. W., 1995. Eolianite and eustasy: early concepts on Darwin’s voyage of HMS Beagle. Carbonates and Evaporites, 10, 92–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hearty, P. J., 1998. The geology of Eleuthera Island, Bahamas: a rosetta stone of Quaternary stratigraphy and sea-level history. Quaternary Science Reviews, 17, 333–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hearty, P. J., and Kaufman, D. S., 2000. Whole-rock aminostratigraphy and Quaternary sea-level history of the Bahamas. Quaternary Research, 54, 163–173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hearty, P. J., and O’Leary, M. J., 2008. Carbonate eolianites, quartz sands, and Quaternary sea-level cycles, Western Australia: a chronostratigraphic approach. Quaternary Geochronology, 3, 26–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hearty, P. J., Vacher, H. L., and Mitterer, R. M., 1992. Aminostratigraphy and ages of the Pleistocene limestones of Bermuda. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 104, 471–480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huntley, D. J., Hutton, J. T., and Prescott, J. R., 1993. The stranded beach-dune sequence of south-east South Australia: a test of thermoluminescence dating, 0–800 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 12, 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Huntley, D. J., Hutton, J. T., and Prescott, J. R., 1994. Further thermoluminescence dates from the dune sequence in southeast of South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 13, 201–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kaufman, D. S., and Manley, W. F., 1998. A new procedure for determining enantiomeric (D/L) amino acid ratios in fossils using reverse phase liquid chromatography. Quaternary Science Reviews, 17, 987–1000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kimber, R. W. L., Kennedy, N. M., and Milnes, A. R., 1994. Amino acid racemization dating of a 140 000 year old tephra-loess-palaeosol sequence on the Mamaku Plateau near Rotorua, New Zealand. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 41, 19–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kindler, P., and Hearty, P. J., 1997. Geology of the Bahamas: architecture of Bahamian Islands. In Vacher, H. L., and Quinn, T. (eds.), Geology and Hydrogeology of Carbonate Islands. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Developments in Sedimentology, Vol. 54, pp. 141–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lachlan, T., 2012. Aminostratigraphy and Luminescence Dating of the Pleistocene Bridgewater Formation, Kangaroo Island, South Australia: An Archive of Long Term Climate and Sea-Level Change. PhD thesis, University of Wollongong.Google Scholar
  15. McKee, E. D., and Ward, W. C., 1983. Eolian environment. In Scholle, P. A., Bebout, D. G., and Moore, C. H. (eds.), Carbonate Depositional Environments. Oklahoma: Tulsa. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, Vol. 33, pp. 131–170.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, G. H., and Hare, P. E., 1980. Amino acid geochronology: integrity of the carbonate matrix and potential of molluscan fossils. In Hare, P. E., Hoering, T. C., and King, K. (eds.), Biogeochemistry of Amino Acids. New York: Wiley, pp. 415–444.Google Scholar
  17. Milnes, A. R., Kimber, R. W. L., and Phillips, S. E., 1987. Studies in calcareous Aeolian landscapes of southern Australia. In Tungsheng, L. (ed.), Aspects of Loess Research. Beijing: China Ocean Press, pp. 130–139.Google Scholar
  18. Murray-Wallace, C. V., 1995. Aminostratigraphy of Quaternary coastal sequences in southern Australia – an overview. Quaternary International, 26, 69–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Murray-Wallace, C. V., Belperio, A. P., and Cann, J. H., 1998. Quaternary neotectonism and intra-plate volcanism: the Coorong to Mount Gambier Coastal Plain, Southeastern Australia: A review. In Stewart, I. S., and Vita-Finzi, (eds.), Coastal Tectonics. London: Geological Society. Special publication, 146, pp. 255–267.Google Scholar
  20. Murray-Wallace, C. V., Brooke, B. P., Cann, J. H., Belperio, A. P., and Bourman, R. P., 2001. Whole-rock aminostratigraphy of the Coorong Coastal Plain, South Australia: towards a 1 million year record of sea-level highstands. Journal of the Geological Society (London), 158, 111–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Murray-Wallace, C. V., Bourman, R. P., Prescott, J. R., Williams, F., Price, D. M., and Belperio, A. P., 2010. Aminostratigraphy and thermoluminescence dating of coastal aeolianites and the later Quaternary history of a failed delta: the River Murray mouth region, South Australia. Quaternary Geochronology, 5, 28–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Penckman, K. E. H., Kaufman, D. S., Maddy, D., and Collins, M. J., 2008. Closed-system behaviour of the intra-crystalline fraction of amino acids in mollusc shells. Quaternary Geochronology, 3, 2–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Price, D. M., Brooke, B. P., and Woodroffe, C. D., 2001. Thermoluminescence dating of aeolianites from Lord Howe Island and South-West Western Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 20, 841–846.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Salvador, A. S., 1994. International Stratigraphic Guide, 2nd edn. Boulder: Geological Society of America, 214 pp.Google Scholar
  25. Sayles, R. W., 1931. Bermuda during the ice age. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 66, 381–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sprigg, R. C., 1952. The Geology of the South-East Province, South Australia, with Special Reference to Quaternary Coast-Line Migrations and Modern Beach Developments. Adelaide: K.M. Stevenson Government Printer. Geological Survey of South Australia, Bulletin, Vol. 29, 120 pp.Google Scholar
  27. Stearns, H. T., 1985. Geology of the State of Hawaii, 2nd edn. Palo Alto: Pacific Books, 325 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Vacher, H. L., and Quinn, T. M. (eds.), 1997. Geology and Hydrogeology of Carbonate Islands. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Developments in Sedimentology, Vol. 54, 948 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Australia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of WollongongWollongongAustralia