Encyclopedia of Scientific Dating Methods

Living Edition
| Editors: W. Jack Rink, Jeroen Thompson

Sediments, Terrestrial (Paleomagnetism)

  • Wout Krijgsman
  • Gillian Turner
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6326-5_110-1



Geomagnetic north/south poles: the points where the axis of the geocentric magnetic dipole that best fits the geomagnetic field intersects the surface of the earth. The south (north) pole of the best fitting dipole is actually in the northern (southern) hemisphere during Normal polarity, and is, by convention, called the north (south) geomagnetic pole.

Virtual geomagnetic poles (VGP’s): the geomagnetic poles corresponding to the geocentric dipole that would produce an observed palaeomagnetic direction. VGP’s are calculated from the declination and inclination of a paleomagnetic measurement and the latitude and longitude of the site from which the measurement was obtained.

Magnetostratigraphy: the application of the well-known principles of stratigraphy to the observed reversal pattern of the geomagnetic polarity recorded in rock sequences.

Paleosecular variation: the gradual changes in direction and intensity of...


Secular Variation Magnetic Mineral Terrestrial Sediment Virtual Geomagnetic Pole Spherical Harmonic Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.School of Chemical and Physical SciencesVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand